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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Seychelles.
Crinum macowanii

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulb globose, up to 20 cm in diameter, with a long neck up to 25 cm long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glaucous (more rarely pure green), variable, up to 118 ×  4–22 cm, without a distinct midrib or keel, slightly to markedly undulate and scabrous on margin, most leaves necrotic apically, spreading at ground level or arcuate from a short pseudostem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape suberect to erect, up to 54 cm long; spathe valves papery, 5.6–12.5 × 1–3.6 cm, withering early.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2–18, often scented; pedicels 0.6–2.5(6) cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube greenish to brownish, curved (6)9–14 cm long; segments white with a distinct pink-coloured keel, connivent into a bell shape with the apical portion recurved, 7–12 × 2–4 cm, the inner always broader than the outer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments white, declinate; anthers black, curved, 0.8–20 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style white, with the apical portion reddish, declinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits green, fading to a dull yellow with a thin pericarp tightly covering the seeds, distinctly beaked, 1.6–3 cm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with a greyish water-repellent layer outside a greenish photosynthetic layer, subglobose, smooth, variable in shape and size, floating in water.
Distribution
A widespread and common species from South Africa north to S Ethiopia.
Ecology
In grassland to dambo areas; 600–1400 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulbs 10–25 cm in diam., often with a considerable neck
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glaucous, broadly lanceolate, 10–60 x 4–10 cm at anthesis, ± prostrate, without a distinct midrib, most leaves without intact apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 10–40 cm long, produced with the leaves; bracts greyish and papery, early drooping
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 6–10, subsessile to distinctly pedicellate, heavily scented, greenish pink in bud; tube greenish to crimson, curved, 8–12 cm long; perianth segments white with a faint pink not sharply bordered dorsal band, broadly lanceolate, 8–11 x c. 2–3 cm, forming a bell, with reflexed outer parts during anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments white, shorter than the perianth segments; anthers dark grey to black, c. 10 mm long, curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style white, tinged pink distally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits green, fading to dull yellow, with thin pericarp closely investing the seeds, giving an irregular undulate surface, often distinctly beaked by the remains of the perianth tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds greenish, covered with a silvery-grey water repellent membrane making them very smooth, 20–60, variable in shape and size, often flattened, often germinating already within the fruit.
Distribution
N2; S1, 3 widespread in the eastern parts of Africa southwards to South Africa.
Ecology
Altitude up to c. 1000 m.

[FTEA]

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Bulb 10–25 cm. in diameter, often with a considerable neck up to 30 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable in length, 10–130 cm. at anthesis, without a distinct midrib or keel, slightly to markedly undulate and scabrous on the margin, withering back to the neck every dry season, all but a few outer ones growing out again next rainy season without an intact apex (appearing burnt or grazed), lorate, 2–10 cm. broad, the 2–3 new inner leaves narrow and erect, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes 1–3, 10–60 cm. long, usually contemporary with the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Spathe-valves papery, withering early.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–20, often heavily scented, subsessile or with pedicels up to 6.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-tube greenish to brownish crimson, curved, 7–15 cm. long; segments white, with pink to rose, dull crimson or red midrib on the back (rarely ‘albino’ with faint green midrib), broadly lanceolate to elliptic, acute to acuminate, 7–13 cm. long, 2–4 cm. broad, the inner ones always broader than the outer, together forming a bell, with apical parts reflexed at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments white, declinate; anthers dark grey to black, curved, ± 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style white, with pink distal part, declinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits green, fading to dull yellow, with thin pericarp closely investing the seeds, giving an irregular undulate surface, often distinctly beaked by the remains of the perianth-tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds greenish, covered with a silvery to grey water repellent membrane making them very smooth, (5–) 20–80, variable in shape and size, often flattened, largest diameter rarely more than 2 cm., viviparous.
Figures
Fig. 3.
Habitat
Grassland on heavy black soil, deciduous woodland or montane grassland, often in disturbed places (pastures, roadsides, abandoned cultivations); 500–2700 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Crinum macowanii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ash, J. [1620], Ethiopia 35895.000
Ash, J. [821], Ethiopia 36406.000
Wilkin, P. [714], Zimbabwe 59257.000
MacOwan [2122], South Africa K000365418 lectotype
MacOwan [2122], South Africa K000365419 lectotype
Archibald, E.E.A. [7513], South Africa K000365417 isotype
Milne-Redhead, E. [7880], Tanzania Crinum pedicellatum 39141.000
Uknown from sheet. [s.n.] Crinum johnstonii K000365414
Uknown from sheet. [s.n.] Crinum johnstonii K000365413

First published in Gard. Chron., n.s., 9: 298 (1878)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Handb. Amaryllid.: 94 (1888);
  • in Bothalia 11: 46 (1973).
  • in F.C. 6: 202 (1896).
  • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 18 (1982).
  • in Gard. Chron. 9: 298 (1878);
  • ―Archer & Condy in Fl. Pl. Afr. 56: 30 (1999).
  • ―Lehmiller in Herbertia 52: 62 (1997).
  • ―Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 182, fig.6 (1977);
  • ―Uphof in Herbertia 9: 80 (1942).
  • ―Verdoorn in J.S. Afr. Bot. 22: 79 (1956);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by I. Nordal [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Gard. Chron .1878 (1): 298 (1878).
  • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 182, fig. 6 (1977).
  • Verdoorn in Bothalia 11: 46 (1973).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/