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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

[FTEA]

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Bulb 7–12 cm. in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± spreading on the ground, lorate, 2–12 cm. broad, very variable in length, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate; growth rhythm as C. macowanii.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes 1–2, 10–30 cm. long, produced with the leaves or often before.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Spathe-valves lanceolate, membranous, drooping at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2–12 per inflorescence, sessile or with pedicels up to 2.5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-tube brownish green, only slightly curved, 8–14 cm. long; segments white, with a very pale pink flush down the centre, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, 6–14 cm. long, the outer ones 1–1.5 cm. broad, the inner 1.2–2 cm., all connivent to a funnel, tips usually only slightly reflexed at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments white, declinate; anthers yellow, curved, ± 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits green tinged with yellow or more rarely with red, turning dull yellow during ripening, subglobose, usually without a beak; pericarp thick compared to C. macowanii.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–10, globose, distinctly papillose and rugose, green, turning black when exposed to air.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland, valley or wooded grassland, common in disturbed places; 450–1100 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulb subglobose, 7–12 cm wide, narrowing into a neck.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves green, never glaucous, distinctly ciliate, ± spreading on ground, lacking a midrib or keel, up to 40 × 4(6) cm, most leaves necrotic apically, smelling slightly peach-like, not foetid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes 1–2, suberect, lateral, 3–17(30) cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe valves greenish-yellow, slightly erect to drooping at anthesis, red-greenish, up to 20 × 3 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 3–7 flowered; pedicels 1.5–3 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube 11–12 cm long; segments acuminate, connivent into a funnel 10–15(20) cm long, outer c.1.1 cm broad, inner 1.5 cm broad, whitish with faint pink keel, apical part recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments whitish, declinate, ± 9 cm long; anthers yellow, curved, up to 1.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style about as long as the perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subglobose, c.4 cm in diameter, with or without a beak (0)4(9) cm long, greenish tinged reddish, turning dull yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large, papillose, greenish, turning black when exposed to air, sinking immediately in water.
Distribution
Also in SW Tanzania.
Ecology
Growing in almost pure sand; c.1100 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Very restricted distribution. Within the Flora area only known from one large population on sand dunes bordering SE Lake Bangweulu; probably globally Vulnerable, but Zambian population Endangered.

Native to:

Tanzania, Zambia

Crinum papillosum Nordal appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schaijes [2418], Congo, DRC 49402.000

First published in Norweg. J. Bot. 24: 185 (1977)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
  • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 14 (1982).
  • in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 185 (1977);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 185, Fig. 7 (1977).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0