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This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulbs 12–20 cm in diam., often with a distinct neck
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly strap-shaped up to 90 x 8–10 cm at anthesis, spreading on the ground, without midrib, distinctly ciliate at the margin, most leaves without intact apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 25–65 cm long, produced with the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts greyish and papery, early drooping
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 10–20, with pedicels 2–5 cm long; tube red, curved, 8–12 cm long; perianth segments white with a red to purplish central band fading into white or pink near the margin, linear to narrowly lanceolate, 8–12 x c. 1.5 cm, forming a funnel, with reflexed outer parts during anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments white to pink, shorter than the perianth segments; anthers yellow to light brown, c. 5 mm long, curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style deep rose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit vivid orange to deep red, subglobose, without a beak, with thick pericarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–20, subglobose or somewhat flattened, light green, covered with a silvery grey water repellent membrane making them very smooth.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1, 2 otherwise in a broad belt along the coast south to Mozambique.
Ecology
Altitude up to 160 m.
Vernacular
Dacar (Somali).

[FTEA]

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Bulb 12–20 cm. in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spreading on the ground, glossy, lorate, the outer ones 8–19 cm. broad and up to 90 cm. long at anthesis, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate, not undulate; growth rhythm as C. macowanii.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes 1–3, 25–65 cm. long, always contemporary with the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Spathe-valves membranous, drooping at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 10–21-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–7.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-tube red, 8–12 cm. long, curved; segments with a red to purplish central part fading into white or pink near the margin, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 7.5–12.5 cm. long, the outer 1–1.7 cm. broad, the inner 1.2–2 cm. broad, all connivent to a funnel, normally with the apical part distinctly reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments white to pink, declinate; anthers yellow to light brown, curved and ±5 mm. long at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style deep rose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit vivid orange to deep red, globose to ovoid, usually without a beak, 4–6 (–13) cm. in diameter; pericarp thick, spongy inside, glossy outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–20, globose or somewhat flattened, largest diameter up to 2 cm., light green, covered with a silvery to grey, smooth water-repellent membrane.
Figures
Fig. 4.
Habitat
On sandy soil, often apparently pure sand, in grassland or wooded grassland; frequent along the coast, but up to 950 m.
Distribution
K7 T2 T3 T6 T8

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulb globose, 12–25 cm in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± prostrate on ground, glossy, strap-shaped, the outer ones 90 × 8–19 cm at anthesis, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate, not undulate, most leaves necrotic apically.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 1–3, 15–65 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe valves membranous, drooping at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 8–31-flowered; distinctly pedicellate, pedicels 2–7.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube red, 8–13 cm long, curved; segments with a red to purplish central part fading into white or pink near margin, or the whole flushed rose or purplish with the keel a deeper rose, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 7.5–13.5 cm long, the outer 1–1.8 cm broad, the inner 1.2–2.5 cm broad, all connivent to a funnel or a bell, normally with the apical part distinctly reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments white to pink, declinate; anthers yellow to light brown, curved and ± 5 mm long at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style deep rose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits conspicuously coloured, reddish to scarlet red, globose to ovoid, usually without a beak, 3–13 cm in diameter, pericarp thick, ± 5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–20 per fruit, globose or somewhat flattened, largest diameter up to 2 cm, light green, covered with a silvery to grey, smooth water-repellent membrane.
Distribution
Crinum stuhlmannii is a widespread species in tropical Africa, ranging from South Africa to Kenya. Also in South Africa (Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal).
Ecology
On sandy soils in grassland or wooded grassland, frequently on sandy soils along the eastern coast. Particularly frequent along the coast on sandy soils; 10–1400 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread taxon; not threatened.

Native to:

Botswana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Crinum stuhlmannii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 578 (1898)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in F.T.A. 7: 578 (1898).
  • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 12 (1982).
  • ―Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 187 (1977);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by I. Nordal [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 578 (1898).
  • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 187, fig. 8. (1977).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0