Ophrys apifera Huds.

First published in Fl. Angl.: 340 (1762)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Medit. and N. Iran. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fateryga, A.V. & al. (2018). https://doi.org/10.14258/turczaninowia.21.4.2. epublication.
  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Çimen, A.Ö., Güner, I., Ekşi, G. & Şen, F. (eds.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Hadinec, J. & Lustyk, P. (2017). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae. XV.. Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 52: 37-133.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 25. Phytologia Balcanica 20: 267-310.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Devey, D. (2008). Ophrys: a case of the deceitful origin of species. Kew Scientist 33: 1.
  • Devey, D.S., Bateman, R.M., Fay, M.F. & Hawkins, J.A. (2008). Friends or relatives? Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the controversial European orchid genus Ophrys. Ann. Bot. 101: 385-402.
  • Harrap, A. & Harrap, S. (2005). Orchids of Britain and Ireland: A Field and Site Guide. A & C Black, London.
  • Lang, D.C. (1991). A new variant of Ophrys apifera Hudson in Britain. Watsonia 18: 408-410.
  • Pedersen, H.A., & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys: The Bee Orchids of Europe. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. & Dines, T.A. (eds) (2002). New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora: An Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. (2008) Seed Information Database (SID). Version 7.1.
  • World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2010). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Çimen, A.Ö., Güner, I., Ekşi, G. & Şen, F. (eds.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 25. Phytologia Balcanica 20: 267-310.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
St. White, R. Cyprus K:SPC-42814.000 No
Wood, J.J. [97] Cyprus K:SPC-38923.000 No
Joseph, J.; Joseph, S. [239] Spain K:SPC-48336.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [1920] United Kingdom K:SPC-05799.000 No
Bruce, E.A. United Kingdom K:SPC-20746.000 No
Smythe, G. United Kingdom K:SPC-05801.000 No
MFF [MFF 312] K:SPC-70405.000 No
MWC [MWC 10248] K:SPC-70515.000 No
Stokoe, R. Spain K:SPC-30538.000 No
United Kingdom K:SPC-05797.000 No
Ruhsam, M. [DMR30] United Kingdom K001768259 Yes
Syngrassides, A. [1527] Cyprus K:SPC-20379.000 No
Smith, A.R.; Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. [650627/5] United Kingdom K000970105 Yes
Pye-Smith, G.M. United Kingdom K:SPC-20751.000 No
Watson, J.M. [190] Turkey K:SPC-29290.000 No
Ross-Craig, S.; Sealy, J.R. United Kingdom K:SPC-45594.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2614] Greece K:SPC-48311.000 No
Livingston, A. K:SPC-28722.000 No
Howton, B.M. United Kingdom K:SPC-00146.000 No
Wood, J.J. [551] France K:SPC-45884.000 No
Wood, J.J. [772] Cyprus K:SPC-50106.000 No
Jones, E. United Kingdom K:SPC-20381.000 No
Ettlinger, D.M.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K:SPC-61181.000 Neotype No
Ettlinger, D.M.T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000718367 Neotype Yes
Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.] Portugal K000363964 Unknown Type Material Yes
Chase [13839] United Kingdom K:SPC-71067.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. United Kingdom K:SPC-05800.000 No
Ryan, P.J. Ireland K:SPC-20378.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000363963 Unknown Type Material Yes
Melville, R. United Kingdom K:SPC-05802.000 No
Wood, J.J. [753] Cyprus K:SPC-49269.000 No
Barrett, P. United Kingdom K:SPC-20752.000 No
Powell, W.H. United Kingdom K:SPC-00147.000 No
Holland, S. United Kingdom K:SPC-28188.000 No
Missen, D. United Kingdom K:SPC-29887.000 No
Evans, I. United Kingdom K:SPC-20380.000 No
Wood, J.J. [108] Cyprus K:SPC-39022.000 No
Chase [34549] Italy K:SPC-78216.000 No
Chase [34550] Italy K:SPC-78215.000 No
United Kingdom K:SPC-00144.000 No
Wood, J.J. [261] Greece K:SPC-39349.000 No
Goddard, A. United Kingdom K:SPC-00145.000 No
Prescot, J. [182] Ophrys arachnites K000363922 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jacquin [s.n.] Germany Ophrys arachnites K000363921 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wood, J.J. [117] Cyprus Ophrys apifera f. bicolor K:SPC-38906.000 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Orchideae: e-monocot.org

    • All Rights Reserved
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/