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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Turkey, Cyprus.
Ophrys kotschyi

[O-EM]
Habitat

Calcareous, dry to moist soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 1000 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside slopes, grassland, garrigue and old, pesticide-free olive groves.

Distribution

The geographic range of O. kotschyi encompasses the southeastern part of mainland Greece, a number of islands in the southern part of the Aegean Sea (north to Chios) and Cyprus. In the latter island it is represented by the endemic subsp. kotschyi only. [Aeg, Cre, Gre; Cyp]

General Description

Plant compact to slender, 10-40 cm tall with 2-10 flowers in a relatively dense to lax spike. Sepals green to brownish (the lateral ones sometimes bicoloured with the mid-vein constituting a boundary), rarely rosecoloured, narrowly ovate to (ob)lanceolate, (8-)10-17 × 5-8.5 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped to nearly flat, slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals green to reddish brown or rust-red, triangular-lanceolate (occasionally auriculate) with flat margins, (4-)6-9 × 1.5-3 mm, velvety, recurved to spreading. Lip with dark brown to purplish black ground colour, straight with recurved margins, shallowly to deeply three-lobed near the base, 10-16 × 10-16 mm, velvety to shaggy on the side lobes, velvety along the margin of the mid-lobe (otherwise subglabrous); side lobes converted into weakly developed to obliquely conical bulges; mid-lobe distinctly longer than the side lobes, obtuse to truncate, provided with a short, more or less porrect, triangular point; mirror distinct, consisting of a large, H-shaped to far more complicated figure, the basal arms of which are connected to the base of the lip, dull greyish violet to reddish brown with a white border. Column acute (to obtuse), not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity approximately as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral, eye-like knobs at its base.

Native to:

Cyprus, Turkey

Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischm. & Soó appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Syngrassides, A. [1429], Cyprus 20387.000
Poole, D., Cyprus 32046.000
Davis, P., Cyprus 39998.000
Chesterman, D.D. [40], Cyprus 40606.000
Chesterman, D.D. [36], Cyprus 40609.000
Turner-Ettlinger, D., Cyprus 49676.000

First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 908 (1926)

Accepted by

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kreutz, C.A.J. (2015). Erstfund von Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischmann & Soó in der Türkei Berichte aus den arbeitskreisen heimische orchideen 32: 223-226.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • Kreutz, C.A.J. (2015). Erstfund von Ophrys kotschyi H.Fleischmann & Soó in der Türkei Berichte aus den arbeitskreisen heimische orchideen 32: 223-226.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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