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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sicilia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[O-EM]
Habitat

Dry to fairly moist, calcareous to slightly acid soil in full sunlight to light shade, from sea level to 800 m altitude. Typical habitats include meadows, grassland, garrigue and open woods.

General Description

Plant slender, 10-40 cm tall with (4-)6-10 flowers in a (relatively) lax spike. Sepals pale rose-coloured to violet, rarely white, narrowly (oblong-) lanceolate, 10-16 × 4.5-7 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped, incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals of approximately the same colour as the sepals, linear-lanceolate with flat margins, 8-11 × 2-3 mm, glabrous or velvety, spreading to slightly recurved. Lip with reddish brown to dark brown ground colour and a yellowish to light brown margin, straight with reflexed (rarely spreading) sides, deeply three-lobed near the middle, 10-14 × 13-18 mm, shaggy (to velvety) on the side lobes and along the margin of the mid-lobe (otherwise subglabrous); bulges weakly developed (sometimes absent), distinctly isolated from the lip margin (side lobes flat); mid-lobe much longer than the side lobes, obtuse to rounded, provided with a short, more or less porrect (to downward pointing), triangular point; mirror distinct, consisting of a crescent- to horseshoe-shaped figure (less frequently of two drop-shaped spots), placed centrally without connection to the base of the lip (rarely connected to the base of the lip by fine, obscure lines), shining bluish grey to reddish brown. Column acute, not tapering towards the base (in lateral view); stigmatic cavity approximately as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, with lateral dark, eye-like knobs at base.

Distribution

As mentioned above, O. lunulata appears endemic to Sicily, where it is particularly frequent in the southeast and around Palermo. Reports from Calabria, Elba, Malta, the Eolian Islands and Sardinia have not been verified. The reports from Sardinia are probably due to confusion with a form of O. ×arachnitiformis with reflexed lip sides. [Sic]

Native to:

Sicilia

Ophrys lunulata Parl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wood, J.J. [400], Italy 29047.333
Palatore [s.n.], Sicilia K000796327
s.coll. [s.n.], Sicilia K000796326

First published in Giorn. Sci. Sicilia 62: 4 (1838)

Accepted by

  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Ophrys sphegodes subsp. lunulata.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Orchideae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved