Ophrys speculum Link

First published in J. Bot. (Schrader) 1799(2): 324 (1800), nom. cons.
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Medit. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Henry, Y. (2015). Autour de l'AND chloroplastique du genre Ophrys L.. L' Orchidophile. Revue de la Société Française d' Orchidophilie 46: 299-317.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Ophrys scolopax.]

Kew Species Profiles

  • Devey, D. (2008). Ophrys: a case of the deceitful origin of species. Kew Scientist 33: 1.
  • Devey, D. S., Bateman, R. M., Fay, M. F. & Hawkins, J. A. (2008). Friends or relatives? Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the controversial European orchid genus Ophrys. Annals of Botany 101: 385–402.
  • Pedersen, H. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys: the Bee Orchids of Europe. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2010). Ophrys speculum.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Collins, P.B. [74/0015d] Portugal K:SPC-41301.000 No
Richter, R. Spain K:SPC-00180.000 No
Blamey, P. [9] Spain K:SPC-38329.000 No
Wood, J.J. [453] Italy K:SPC-43681.000 No
Blamey, P. [7] Spain K:SPC-38320.000 No
Gussone, G. [s.n.] Italy K000363957 Unknown Type Material Yes
Collins, P.B. [3] Greece K:SPC-35081.000 No
Bové, N. [s.n.] Algeria K000363959 Unknown Type Material Yes
Price, R.F. [14] Spain K:SPC-06050.000 No
Wood, J.J. [134] Greece K:SPC-38926.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Spain K000363953 Unknown Type Material Yes
Watson, J.M. [18] Turkey K:SPC-00181.000 No
Davis, P. [25169] Turkey K:SPC-00179.000 No
Italy K:SPC-00177.000 No
Tineo, V. [s.n.] K000363954 Unknown Type Material Yes
Crookshank, A.A. Spain K:SPC-00178.000 No
Wood, J.J. [420] Italy K:SPC-43657.000 No
de Heldreich [s.n.] Greece K000363956 Unknown Type Material Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [11051] Greece K:SPC-40228.000 No
Wood, J.J. [370] Italy K:SPC-43649.000 No
Polunin, O. [6519] Greece K:SPC-20765.000 No
Wood, J.J. [424] Italy K:SPC-43679.000 No
Spain K000363955 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wood, J.J. [398] Italy K:SPC-43648.000 No
Watson, J.M. [13] Turkey K:SPC-02990.000 No
Chesterman, D.D. [170] Greece K:SPC-43643.000 No
Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.] Portugal K000363958 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0