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This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.
Ophrys tenthredinifera

[O-EM]
Distribution

Most of the Mediterranean, where it is fairly common in the western and central parts of the range, but its frequency decreases towards the east – for example, it is rare on several Aegean islands. In Cyprus, O. tenthredinifera is known from one locality only, and it has not been found in the Middle East. [Aeg, Alb, Bal, Cor, Cre, Fra, Gre, Ita, Mal, Por, Sar, Sic, Spa, Tur, Yug; Ana, Cyp, Mor, Tun]

General Description

Plant compact to slender, 10-30(-45) cm tall with (1-)2-10 flowers in a (relatively) dense spike. Sepals violet to white, (broadly) elliptic, 11-13 × 6.5-10 mm; dorsal sepal more or less boat-shaped, slightly incurved, from the base reflexed. Petals of the same colour as the sepals, (ovate-) triangular (often auriculate) with flat margins, 4-6 × 2.5-6 mm, velvety to shaggy, spreading. Lip with brown ground colour and a broad yellow (to light brown) margin, straight with recurved sides, entire, 9-16 × 10-20 mm, more or less hairy (especially along the margin) and with a particularly prominent tuft of hairs close to the apex; bulges weakly developed, distinctly isolated from the margin of the lip; apex emarginate, provided with a short erect, narrowly triangular point; mirror distinct, consisting of a simple and fairly small H- to horseshoe-shaped figure, the basal arms of which are connected to the base of the lip, dull greyish blue to greyish violet with a pale border. Column rounded, not tapering towards the base (in side view); stigmatic cavity at least as wide as long and approximately twice as wide as the anther, devoid of lateral, eye-like knobs at base.

Habitat

Calcareous to slightly acid soil, in full sunlight or light shade from sea level to 1800 m altitude. Typical habitats include roadside verges, grassland, garrigue, open pine woods and old olive groves.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe

Introduced into:

Great Britain

Ophrys tenthredinifera Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Maude, A.H., Algeria 190.000
191.000
192.000
Spain 20764.000
Italy 20768.000
Banks, C., Italy 26532.000
Watson, J.M. [2], Greece 2992.000
Blamey, P. [6], Spain 38324.000
Kirk, C.C., Spain 38720.000
Wood, J.J. [308], Italy 38832.000
Wood, J.J. [209], Italy 38948.000
Wood, J.J. [273], Greece 39472.000
Wood, J.J. [321], Italy 39494.000
Chesterman, D.D. [161], Italy 43510.000
Wood, J.J. [390], Italy 43644.000
Meadows, G.E. [s.n.], Spain 45872.000
5827.000
Urwick, E.M., Portugal 5828.000
Chase [15846], Italy 71121.000
Italy K000363918
Trevelyan, W.C. [s.n.], Portugal K000363917
Tineo [s.n.] K000363912
Lemann [s.n.], Spain K000363913
Mauri, H.H.S. [s.n.] K000363916
Spruner [s.n.], Greece K000363910
Heldreich [s.n.], Greece K000363911
Viviani [s.n.], France K000363915
Milon, P., Algeria 76423.000
Salzmann [s.n.], Morocco K000363914
Heldreich [s.n.], Greece K000363909
Strangways, W.T.H.F. [s.n.], Great Britain Ophrys tenoreana K000363929

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 67 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Faurholdt, N. & Pedersen, H.Æ. (2009). Flueblomster fra Marokko til Mellemøsten: 1-122. Dansk Orchide Klub og forfatterne.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2 Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Henry, Y. (2015). Autour de l'AND chloroplastique du genre Ophrys L. L' Orchidophile. Revue de la Société Française d' Orchidophilie 46: 299-317.
  • Karig, K.P. (2010). Neufund einer Ophrys tenthredinifera auf Zypern Journal Europäischer Orchideen 42: 421-422.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Karig, K.P. (2010). Neufund einer Ophrys tenthredinifera auf Zypern Journal Europäischer Orchideen 42: 421-422.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ. & Faurholdt, N. (2007). Ophrys. The Bee Orchids of Europe: 1-297. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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