Orchis simia Lam.

First published in Fl. Franç. 3: 507 (1779)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Iran, N. Africa. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Palestine, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Austria

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Griebl, N. (2012). Die Gattung Orchis in Österreich. Berichte aus den arbeitskreisen heimische orchideen 29: 94-110.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Summerhayes, V.S. [2494] United Kingdom K:SPC-00253.000 No
Montford, H. [373] YU K:SPC-00251.000 No
Harley, R.M. Greece K:SPC-26021.000 No
Chesterman, D.D. [77] Cyprus K:SPC-40619.000 No
Wood, J.J. [132] Cyprus K:SPC-38228.000 No
United Kingdom K:SPC-05844.000 No
Chesterman, D.D. [122] Cyprus K:SPC-40851.000 No
Turkey K:SPC-47427.000 No
Barneby, T. France K:SPC-28712.000 No
Barneby, T. France K:SPC-28703.000 No
Chase [16361] K:SPC-71736.000 No
Chase [34531-34532] Italy K:SPC-78207.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Sandwith, N.Y.; Shaw, H.K.A. United Kingdom K:SPC-00255.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [2729] United Kingdom K:SPC-00254.000 No
Clements, M. [2639] Greece K:SPC-77215.000 No
Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [1007] Turkey K:SPC-00250.000 No
Wood, J.J. [546] France K:SPC-45816.000 No
Wood, J.J. [762] Cyprus K:SPC-49271.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. Libya K:SPC-00252.000 No
Clements, M. [2616] Greece K:SPC-76496.000 No
Wilhelm; Prescott. [s.n.] Orchis simia subsp. simia K000364139 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images