Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Medit. to Mongolia.

[O-EM]
General Description

Tubers 2, more or less conical, attenuate at apex. Plant 25-50 cm. Foliage-leaves 2, 7-16 x 2.5-8 cm, basal, subopposite, oblanceolate-oblong to obovate or broadly elliptical. Cauline leaves 2-5; lamina usually 1-3 cm, occasionally larger but always much narrower than that of basal leaves. Spike up to 20 cm; flowers white, slightly tinged with green, fragrant. Perianth-segments of the galea 5-7 mm; outer lateral segments 8-10 mm. Labellum 8- 12 mm, linear-oblong, pendent. Spur 25-30 mm, slender, subulate, more or less horizontal, much longer than ovary. Anther-cells parallel, almost contiguous.

Distribution

Almost throughout Europe, but rarer in the Mediterranean region.

Habitat

Open woods, meadows and damp heaths.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Milne-Redhead, E. [2374], Austria 1415.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [1792], United Kingdom 1416.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [12108], Austria 1417.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [2360], United Kingdom 1418.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S. [2359], United Kingdom 1419.000 No
Hubbard, C.E., United Kingdom 1420.000 No
Payne, E.M., United Kingdom 22571.000 No
Sladen, W.J.L. [430], Yugoslavia 23885.000 No
Westrup, A.W., United Kingdom 24637.000 No
Sladen, W.J.L. [16/13/210], Yugoslavia 24665.000 No
Sladen, W.J.L. [301], Yugoslavia 24760.000 No
25042.000 No
Hubbard, C.E. [623], United Kingdom 34474.000 No
Booth, C., United Kingdom 48867.000 No
Watson, J.M. [55], Italy 5745.000 No
Sayers, D., Austria 5882.000 No
Civeyrel [559] 73209.000 No
Chase [34566], Italy 78217.000 No

First published in De Orchid. Eur.: 35 (1817)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Efimov, P.G. (2016). A revision of Platanthera (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae; Orchidaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 254: 1-233.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2 Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Efimov, P.G. (2016). A revision of Platanthera (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae; Orchidaceae) in Asia Phytotaxa 254: 1-233.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Orchideae: e-monocot.org

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