Genus:
Satyrium Sw.

Satyrium anomalum Schltr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 40–100 cm high; tubers to 5.5 cm long, globose, ellipsoid or fusiform.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot 3–4-leaved; the lowermost 1–2 leaves sheathing; upper leaves 12–27 × 3–6 cm, elliptic or lanceolate.
Sterile
Sterile shoot 3–4-leaved; the lowermost 1–2 leaves sheathing; upper leaves 12–27 × 3–6 cm, elliptic or lanceolate.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem with c. 10 sheathing leaves up to 10 cm long.
Fertile
Flowering stem with c. 10 sheathing leaves up to 10 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 12–48 × 2.5–5 cm, cylindrical, densely many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers lilac with darker spurs or greenish-white; rhachis and ovary purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts green with purple edge, reflexed, to 30 mm long at base of inflorescence, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals curled under, joined for about half their length to each other and lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4.5–5.5 × 1–2 mm, oblanceolate, obtuse, the median narrower than the laterals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5 × 0.5 mm, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip thick-textured with a narrow mouth, 5–7 mm long, ellipsoid, forming a hood; spurs 8–11 mm long curving upwards and diverging from each other.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column c. 4 mm high; stigma 1.5 × 1.5 mm; rostellum mid-lobe spoon-shaped from a narrow base, much longer than side lobes.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 4–10 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid to irregularly fusiform, 2–5.5 cm. long, 6–22 mm. in diameter, densely tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Sterile stem to 7 cm. high, 3–4-leaved; 1–2 lower leaves sheath-like, obtuse, the upper leaves lanceolate, oblanceolate or lanceolate-elliptical, often stalked, up to 12–27 cm. long and 3–6 cm. broad. Fertile stem erect, slender to stout, covered by sheathing leaves; sheaths 10–12, lanceolate, acute, up to 6–10 cm. long and 2–3 cm. broad, the uppermost often reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, 16–45 cm. long, 2.5–3 cm. in diameter, rather densely many-flowered; bracts reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 6–27 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, curved outwards, green or whitish, tinged red or purple; ovary 6–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals decurved, united to one another and to the lip in their lower half.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblanceolate-elliptical, rounded, 4.5–5.5 mm. long, ± 1 mm. broad, ciliolate; laterals obliquely broadly oblanceolate, obtuse, 5–5.5 mm. long, ± 2 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblanceolate, rounded, 4–5 mm. long, 0.5 mm. broad, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip ellipsoid, hooded, the apex shortly reflexed, ± 6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs diverging and curved upwards rather like a snail’s horns, 8–11 mm. long, tapering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column curved, ± 4 mm. high; stigma almost orbicular, ±1.5 mm. high and broad, rostellum porrect, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, triangular, the middle lobe much longer, broadly spoon-shaped from a narrow base.
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland or upland grassland; 1000–2000 m.
Distribution
T2 T5 T7 T8

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Satyrium anomalum Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 17, 1964 Scott [s.n.], Malawi K000416100 syntype Yes
Apr 17, 1964 Last, J.T. [s.n.], Malawi K000416101 syntype Yes
Polhill, R. [1595], Tanzania 1803.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8878], Tanzania 24600.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8878A], Tanzania 24601.000 No
Wild, H. [22502], Zimbabwe 24602.000 No
Brummitt, R.K. [9042], Malawi 25694.155 No
Brummitt, R.K. [9043], Malawi 25694.222 No
Robinson, E.G. [2008], Zambia 31085.000 No
Morze, G. [40], Zambia 36582.000 No
Malawi 43046.000 No

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 424 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 573 (1898).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 24: 424 (1897).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 31: 177 (1901).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0