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This species is accepted, and its native range is Rwanda to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 10–60 cm tall; tubers to 4 cm long, ovoid to fusiform, woolly.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot 4-leaved; the lower 1–2 leaves sheath-like, the upper leaves to 31 × 2 cm, lanceolate, acute.
Sterile
Sterile shoot 4-leaved; the lower 1–2 leaves sheath-like, the upper leaves to 31 × 2 cm, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem with 5–8 leaves, the largest in the middle, ± erect, 8–26 × 2–5 cm, lanceolate.
Fertile
Flowering stem with 5–8 leaves, the largest in the middle, ± erect, 8–26 × 2–5 cm, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 2.5–14 × 2–5 cm, densely few- to many-flowered, pyramidal when young.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale to deep pink or red-purple, sometimes with darker streaks.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 6–8 mm long, glabrous or papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts to 20 mm long, pubescent on upper surface, spreading or sometimes reflexed at base of inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards, joined to each other for a third to half of their length, and to the lip for a third or a quarter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 7–16 × 1–2 mm, oblanceolate, rounded; lateral sepals slightly shorter but broader, oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal but narrower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 6–16 mm long, the apex acute and reflexed for c. 2 mm, very convex with a wide mouth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 2–5.5 mm long, 2 mm in diameter, blunt, parallel to ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 5–6.5 mm long; stigma c. 1.5 mm high and wide; rostellum equally 3-toothed.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 1–7 dm. high, mostly glabrous.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid, ovoid or fusiform, 1–4 cm. long, 5–22 mm. in diameter, glabrous or ± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Sterile stem up to 19 cm. long, 4-leaved; lower leaves sheath-like, adpressed, the upper leaves lanceolate, to 31 cm. long and 2 cm. broad. Flowering stem erect, slender to rather stout, leafy along its entire length; leaves 5–8, the lowermost 1–3 sheath-like, obtuse, the remainder ± erect, lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, acute, up to 6–21 (–31) cm. long and 1–4 cm. broad, the uppermost much smaller.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence ± pyramidal, 2–10(–13) cm. long, 2–5 cm. in diameter, densely 10- to many-flowered; bracts spreading, the lower ones reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 7–35 mm. long, hairy inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers almost spreading, sessile, pink, deep red, mauve or purple, sometimes with darker markings; ovary 6–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards, united to one another in their lower half or third and with the lip in their lower third or quarter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal narrowly oblong-oblanceolate, rounded, 7.5–21 mm. long, l.5–2(–3) mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblong-elliptical, obtuse, shorter than the intermediate but 2.5–7 mm. broad, several-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to intermediate sepal but narrower, like it 3-veined; all tepals pubescent inside at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex with a wide mouth, the apex narrowed and erect, 7–16 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs short and broad, 1.5–5.5 mm. long, ± 2 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column slightly curved, the slender stalk longer than the fertile part, 5–8 mm. long, glabrous; stigma semi-orbicular, concave, ±1.5 mm. high and 2.5–3.5 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, truncate, shortly and equally toothed in front.
Habitat
Wet grassland and swamps, rarely among bushes; 1000–2100 m.
Distribution
T4 T7 T8

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Recorded in error in:

Ethiopia

Satyrium breve Rolfe appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 14, 1964 Fries, T.C.E. [3647], Zambia K000416135 Unknown type material
Robson, N.K.B. [450], Malawi 22743.000
Richards, H.M. [2188], Zambia 22976.000
Bullock, A.A. [2088], Zambia 23784.000
Richards, H.M. [4325], Zambia 23836.000
Fanshawe, D.B. [2662], Zambia 24541.000
Richards, H.M. [3784], Zambia 24542.000
Watermeyer, A.M. [239A], Tanzania 24588.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8310], Tanzania 24589.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7923], Tanzania 24590.000
Polhill, R. [1502], Tanzania 24719.000
Polhill, R. [1501], Tanzania 24737.000
Richards, H.M. [11894], Zambia 25230.000
Bullock, A.A. [1410], Zambia 26204.000
Watermeyer, A.M. [211], Tanzania 26756.000
Robinson, E.A. [4056], Zambia 26761.000
Richards, H.M. [4811], Tanzania 27141.000
Holmes, W.D. [84], Zambia 29680.000
Morze, G. [106], Zambia 30106.000
Morze, G. [106a], Zambia 30111.000
Richards, H.M. [22603], Malawi 31408.000
Cribb, P. [11234], Tanzania 40273.000
de Leyser, E.A. [43], Tanzania 50358.000
Johston-Stewart, N. [42], Malawi 50982.000
Lewis, B.A. [1387], Tanzania 60271.000
Buchanan [314], Malawi K000416136 holotype
Harris, T. [387], Mozambique K000613823

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 274 (1898)

Accepted by

  • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kraenzl., Orch. Gen. et Sp. 1: 661(1899).
  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 274 (1898).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 535(1915).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0