Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 2.5–6 dm. high, for the most part glabrous.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid, ovoid or elongate-ovoid, 1.5–4 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, ± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Fertile stem slender to rather stout, partly covered by sheathing leaves; sheaths 5–9, lanceolate or oblanceolate, acute, up to 3.5–8 cm. long and 1–3 cm. broad, decreasing in size upwards. Sterile stem up to 7 cm. long, 3–5-leaved; lowest 2–3 leaves sheath-like, subacute or obtuse, the upper 1–2 lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate-elliptical, sometimes with a distinct narrow stalk, up to 7–20 cm. long and 1.5–3.7 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence ± cylindrical, 6–15 cm. long, 3.5–5 cm. in diameter, rather loosely 7–15(–20)-flowered; bracts soon reflexed, lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, acute, 1.5–4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers curved outwards, white, rarely spotted mauve, apex of spur green, fragrant; pedicel with ovary curved, 1–1.5 cm. long, sometimes with small red spots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals deflexed, united to one another and to the lip in their basal fourth or fifth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblong-elliptical, rounded at apex, 10–13 mm. long, ± 3 mm. broad; laterals obliquely elliptical-oblong, rounded, 10–15 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to the intermediate sepal but a little broader, apical margins ciliolate to almost shortly lacerate; all tepals 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex and hooded with the apex shortly recurved, hairy inside towards the apex, 10–15.5 mm. long and about the same in breadth when spread out.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs often diverging markedly from the pedicels, very slender, 4–7 cm. long, scarcely 2 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column erect, 7.5–10 mm. high, the somewhat curved stalk a little longer than the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, transversely elliptical and slightly emarginate, 2–4 mm. tall, 4–6 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, ± 3 mm. long, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, triangular, the middle lobe much longer, broadly spoon-shaped from a narrow base, the apex upcurved.
Habitat
Grassland, especially damp or swampy areas; 1000–2400 m.
Distribution
T7 T8

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 30–70 cm high; tubers 1.5–4 × 1–2 cm, ovoid, tomentose.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot 3–5-leaved, at various stages of development at flowering time; lowermost 2–3 leaves sheath-like, upper leaves up to 20 × 3.5 cm, lanceolate.
Sterile
Sterile shoot 3–5-leaved, at various stages of development at flowering time; lowermost 2–3 leaves sheath-like, upper leaves up to 20 × 3.5 cm, lanceolate.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem with 5–8 sheathing leaves, sometimes imbricate, up to 8 cm long.
Fertile
Flowering stem with 5–8 sheathing leaves, sometimes imbricate, up to 8 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 8–14 × 3–5 cm, laxly up to 20-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, the spurs green-tinged, with a strong, hyacinth-like scent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Ovary and pedicel 10–15 mm long, curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts pinkish-brown, c. 30 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals deflexed, joined to each other and lip in basal quarter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 10–13 × 1.5–3 mm, oblong, rounded at apex; lateral sepals slightly longer and wider, oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal but usually slightly wider and with the margin ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 10–15 mm long and of similar width when spread out, very convex and hooded with the apex recurved, wide-mouthed, hairy inside towards apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 4.5–7.5 cm long, slender, pendent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 7.5–10 mm high; stigma 2–4 × 4–6 mm; rostellum c. 3 mm long, the mid-lobe spoon-shaped from a narrow base with the apex recurved, the side lobes much shorter, triangular.

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Satyrium buchananii Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 4, 1964 K000416098 holotype
Apr 4, 1964 Kassner [2168], Zambia K000416099 Unknown type material
Richards, H.M. [7702], Tanzania 22993.000
Richards, H.M. [12441], Zambia 23820.000
Robson, N.K.B. [1452], Malawi 23821.000
Watermeyer, A.M. [15], Tanzania 23822.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7922], Tanzania 23823.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2704], Zambia 23824.000
Holmes, W.D. [066], Zambia 24587.000
Richards, H.M. [17431], Zambia 25308.000
Richards, H.M. [10461], Malawi 26733.000
Robinson, E.A. [4081], Zambia 26764.000
Ball, J.S. [793], Tanzania 26769.000
Robinson, E.A. [4058], Zambia 26773.000
Jackson, G. [705], Malawi 26778.000
Robinson, E.A. 29776.000
Richards, H.M. [17492], Zambia 29804.000
Robinson, E.A. [6024], Zambia 30383.000
Tanzania 36515.000
Cribb, P. [10544], Tanzania 37013.000
Philcox, D. [8991], Zimbabwe 42996.000
Zimbabwe 43005.000
Schaijes, M. [2149], Congo, DRC 48934.000
Cribb, P.J. [6012], Malawi 49138.000

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 422 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 572 (1898).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 24: 422 (1897).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 526 (1915).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0