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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb up to 3 ft. high
Ecology
In grasslands.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 4–10 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid to fusiform, 3–5.5 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. in diameter, ± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Sterile stem to 5 cm. high, 4–5-leaved; lower 2–3 leaves sheath-like, obtuse, the upper 1–2 lanceolate to elliptical-lanceolate, acute, up to 7–16 cm. long and 2.5–4.5 cm. broad. Fertile stem slender to rather robust, almost covered by adpressed sheathing leaves; sheaths 10–15, lanceolate, acute, up to 4–10 cm. long and 1–3 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence narrowly cylindrical, 8–23 cm. long, 1.5–2.5 cm. in diameter, rather densely many-flowered; bracts soon reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1–2.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers curved outwards, sessile, white to crimson-red; ovary ± 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals deflexed and ± rolled-up, united to one another and to the lip in their basal fourth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblong-elliptical, rounded, 5–6.5 mm. long, ± 1 mm. broad; laterals very obliquely elliptical-oblong, obtuse, equalling the intermediate, 1.5–2.5 mm. broad, 2-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong-oblanceolate, rounded, 4.5–6 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. broad, margins ± ciliolate, 1-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip almost globular, with a narrow mouth, the apex shortly reflexed, 5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs parallel to the ovary, 11–17 mm. long, 1–2 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column inside lip, much curved, 3.5–5 mm. high; stigma erect, transversely elliptical, 1.5–2 mm. high, 2–3 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, tooth-like, the middle lobe a little longer, triangular, very fleshy.
Habitat
Upland grassland and rocky slopes; 1960–2100 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K5

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 40–80 cm high; tubers to 5.5 × 1.5 cm, ellipsoid.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot 3–5-leaved; lowermost 1–3 leaves sheathing; upper leaves 6–15 × 2–4.5 cm, lanceolate or ovate.
Sterile
Sterile shoot 3–5-leaved; lowermost 1–3 leaves sheathing; upper leaves 6–15 × 2–4.5 cm, lanceolate or ovate.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem with 10–15 sheathing leaves up to 10 cm long.
Fertile
Flowering stem with 10–15 sheathing leaves up to 10 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 8–30 × 1.5–2 cm, narrowly cylindrical, densely many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers deep red, pink or white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 6–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts up to 25 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals curled under, joined to each other and lip for one quarter to one third of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 4.5–7 × c. 1 mm, oblong, rounded at apex; lateral sepals oblique and slightly longer, c. 2 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–6.5 × 0.5–1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 5.5–7.5 mm long, globose, the apex slightly reflexed, fleshy with a narrow mouth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 8.5–17 mm long, parallel to ovary, sometimes with a pair of vestigial spurs c. 1 mm long in front of them.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 3.5–5 mm long, curved; stigmas 1.5–3.5 mm; rostellum mid-lobe varying from slightly longer to much longer than side lobes.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 3–12 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid, ovoid or fusiform, 2.5–6.5 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, ± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Fertile stem slender to robust, almost entirely covered by ± adpressed sheathing leaves; sheaths 13–17, lanceolate, acute, up to 6–11 cm. long and 1.5–4 cm. broad, the upper ones small and similar to the bracts. Sterile stem up to 7 cm. long, 3–6-leaved; lowest 2–4 leaves sheath-like, obtuse, the upper 1–2 lanceolate to elliptical or elliptical-ovate, acute, up to 6–24 cm. long and 1–7 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence narrowly cylindrical, 7–38 cm. long, 1.5–2.5 cm. in diameter, densely many-flowered; bracts spreading at first, later reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1–3.5 cm. long, usually longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile, curved outwards, red to orange-brown, rarely white; ovary thick, ± 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals much deflexed and ± rolled-up, united to one another and to the lip in their basal third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal elliptical-oblong, rounded at apex, 4.5–7 mm. long, ± 1 mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblong-oblanceolate, obtuse, a little longer than the intermediate, 1.5–2 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong-oblanceolate, rounded, 4.5–6.5 mm. long, scarcely 1 mm. broad, margins ciliolate, 1-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip almost spherical, the mouth very narrow, only 2 mm. broad, the apex very shortly recurved, 5.5–7.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs parallel to ovary, 8.5–10.5 mm. long, ±1.5 mm. in diameter, usually with a pair of additional very short spurs in front.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column inside lip, much curved forwards, 4–5 mm. long, the stalk slightly longer than the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma transversely elliptical, ± concave, 1.5–2 mm. high, 2–2.5 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, ± 2 mm. long, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, tooth-like, the middle lobe much longer, spoon-shaped from a narrow base.
Habitat
Short grassland, often on rocky slopes, swampy badly drained grassland, grass with scattered bushes, or open woodland; 1350–2500 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K5 T1 T4 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Satyrium coriophoroides A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Gregory, H. [140], Cameroon 23813.000
Tweedie, E.M. [1589], Kenya 24581.000
Burger, W. [500], Ethiopia 30314.000
Ash [1047], Ethiopia 35509.000
Quartin-Dillon [237], Ethiopia K000416104
Gregory, H. [140], Cameroon K000106551
Maitland, T.D. [1786], Cameroon K000106549
Callens, H. [91], Congo, DRC Satyrium gilletii 9565.000
Richards, H.M. [15816], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 1839.000
Watermeyer, A.M. [252A], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 22981.000
Williams, J.G. [11083], Kenya Satyrium sacculatum 22982.000
Piers, F. [115], Kenya Satyrium sacculatum 22983.000
Robson, N.K.B. [1430], Malawi Satyrium sacculatum 23791.000
Richards, H.M. [7963], Zambia Satyrium sacculatum 23792.000
Bogdan, A. [10,187], Kenya Satyrium sacculatum 23793.000
Holmes, W.D. [0129], Zambia Satyrium sacculatum 24555.000
Richards, H.M. [12439], Zambia Satyrium sacculatum 24556.000
Ball, J.S. [764], Congo, DRC Satyrium sacculatum 24557.000
Ball, J.S. [788], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 24558.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8899], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 24559.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3782], Zambia Satyrium sacculatum 24560.000
Polhill, R. [1562], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 24707.000
Verdcourt, B. [3453], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 24722.000
Richards, H.M. [3890], Zambia Satyrium sacculatum 26469.000
Zambia Satyrium sacculatum 34421.000
Cribb, P. [10658], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 36734.000
Cribb, P. [10560], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 36751.000
Schaijes, M. [2752], Congo, DRC Satyrium sacculatum 50389.000
Richards, H.M. [14372], Malawi Satyrium sacculatum 529.000
Lewis, B.A. [1386], Tanzania Satyrium sacculatum 63301.000
Scott Elliot, G.F. [8097], Uganda Satyrium sacculatum K000416107 syntype

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 14: 274 (1840)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 269.
  • in Ann. Sci. Nat. sér. 2, 14: 274, t. 18, fig. 11, 1-5 (1840)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 2, 14: 274, t. 18/XI, 1–5 (1840)
  • A. Rich, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 298, t. 89 (1851).
  • Engl., Hochgeb. Trop. Afr.: 185 (1892).
  • Kraenzl., Orch. Gen. et Sp. 1: 689 (1899), partim.
  • Piers, Orch. E. Afr.: 45 (1959).
  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 269 (1898).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 31: 180 (1901), excl. et var.
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 417 (1936).
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 201 (1968).
  • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 95 (1895).
  • Tweedie in Journ. E.A. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 13 (1964).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0