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This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Ethiopia and Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Robust terrestrial herb to 1 m tall; rootstock short and stout, roots numerous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imbricate, 8–13 scattered along stem with the largest near the stem base, to 40 × 6 cm, lanceolate, semi-spreading, heavily veined; the upper leaves gradually decreasing in size becoming erect and sheath-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence c. 30 × 3.5 cm, cylindrical, densely many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Ovary and pedicel c. 10 mm long, curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts c. 25 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed, slightly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards and slightly decurved, joined to each other and lip in basal third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 5.5–7 × 1.5–2.5 mm, oblanceolate or elliptical; lateral sepals similar but oblique and c. 3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 5–6.5 mm long, 7–7.5 mm wide when spread out, very convex and hooded with a wide mouth; spurs 8–12 mm long, slender, parallel to ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 3–5 mm high; stigma c. 1 × 1.5–2 mm; rostellum mid-lobe spoon-shaped from a narrow base, much longer than side lobes.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 3–12 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Morphology Roots
Rootstock short and thick. Roots numerous, in a dense tuft, slender, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, slender to robust, up to 1.5 cm. in diameter at the base, terete, leafy along its entire length.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 8–13; lower ones spreading or somewhat erect, in a tuft, broadly lanceolate to ligulate or narrowly ligulate, up to 8–48 cm. long and 2–5(–7.5) cm. broad, the upper 3–5 smaller, sheath-like, adpressed to the stem, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, 5–37 cm. long, 2–3.5 cm. in diameter, densely many-flowered; bracts usually refiexed, lanceolate, acute, l–2.5(–4) cm. long, the lower ones often longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers spreading or curved outwards, pink to mauve or rarely white; pedicel with ovary curved, ± 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards or somewhat decurved, united to one another and to the lip in their basal third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal narrowly oblanceolate-elliptical, obtuse, 4.5–8 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblong-elliptical, very obtuse, equalling the intermediate but a little broader.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to the intermediate sepal, 4–7 mm. long, ± 1.5 mm. broad; all tepals 2–3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex and hooded with a shortly pointed apex and a rather broad mouth, 5–7.5 mm. long and rather broader when spread out, 2-spurred at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs slender, parallel to the ovary, 8–13 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. in diameter at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column enclosed in the lip, 3–5 mm. high, the slightly curved stalk equalling the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, semi-orbicular, ± 1 mm. high and 1.5–2 mm. broad, rostellum projecting forwards, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, tooth-like, incurved, the middle lobe much larger, spoon-shaped from a narrow base.
Figures
Fig. 34, p. 194.
Habitat
Damp grasslands or swamps especially by streams, sometimes in running water; grassland at edge of or in glades in montane or bamboo forest; Papyrus swamps at edge of lakes; 1050–3150 m.
Distribution
Nigeria and Cameroun Republic eastwards to Ethiopia, Congo Republic, Zambia and Malawi K3 K4 K5 T2 T3 T4 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4

[FWTA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial moderately stout to stout herb up to 31/2 ft. high
Ecology
In wet grassy places, marshes or even in water.

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Satyrium crassicaule Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [581], Cameroon 77349.000
Mar 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [240], Cameroon K000106862
Mar 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9846], Cameroon K000106869
Aug 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [9136], Cameroon K000107015
Sep 1, 1972 Bauer, P.J. [69], Cameroon K000106546
Feb 19, 1964 Eick [301], Tanzania K000416081 Unknown type material
Feb 19, 1964 Scott Elliot, G.F. [6938], Kenya K000416084 Unknown type material
Feb 19, 1964 Fischer [575] K000416080 Unknown type material
Zambia 1800.031
Richards, H.M. [10422], Zambia 22987.000
Richards, H.M. [7599], Tanzania 22988.000
Copley, H. [122], Kenya 22990.000
Copley, H. [108], Kenya 22991.000
Richards, H.M. [14236], Tanzania 23811.000
Verdcourt, B. [343], Tanzania 23812.000
Richards, H.M. [14404], Malawi 24573.000
Ball, J.S. [773], Uganda 24574.000
Ball, J.S. [803], Tanzania 24575.000
Holmes, W.D. [0207], Malawi 24576.000
Trelawny, B. [4382], Kenya 24577.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8574], Tanzania 24578.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8311], Tanzania 24579.000
Gillett, J.B. [14927A], Ethiopia 24580.000
Richards, H.M. [15857], Tanzania 25382.000
Richards, H.M. [13995], Tanzania 26770.000
Osmaston, H.A. [772], Uganda 26771.000
Richards, H.M. [14150], Tanzania 26772.000
Tanzania 29240.000
Kenya 32503.000
Bowden, J.K. [72], Nigeria 32877.000
Ash [1860], Ethiopia 35825.000
Tanzania 37888.000
Bridson, D. [166], Rwanda 41487.000
Zimbabwe 43047.000
Schaijes, M. [2776], Congo, DRC 50395.000
Scott Elliot, G.F. [8059], Uganda K000416082
Buchanan, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000416083 Unknown type material
Sanford, W.W. [5515], Cameroon K000106545
Maitland, T.D. [1385], Cameroon K000106548

First published in J. Bot. 33: 295 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 271.
  • in J. Bot. 33: 295 (1895)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kraenzl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 71 (1910).
  • Kraenzl., Orch. Gen. et Sp. 1: 698 (1899).
  • Piers, Orch. E. Afr.: 45 (1959).
  • Rendle in Journal of Botany 33: 295 (1895).
  • Robyns & Tournay, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert. 3: 447, t. 63, fig. 28 (1955).
  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 271 (1898).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 31: 171 (1901), excl. S. nuttii Rolfe.
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 530 (1915).
  • Schltr. in Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911–12, 1: 241 (1916).
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 417 (1936).
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 201 (1968).
  • Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 20: 173 (1966)
  • Troupin, Fl. Sperm. Parc Nat. Garamba 1: 264 (1956).
  • Tweedie in Journ. E.A. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 34 (1964).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0