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This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to Malawi.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 4–35 cm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid or fusiform, 8–16 mm. long, 7–9 mm. in diameter, ± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, slender to rather stout, leafy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 4–6, the lowermost usually sheath-like, the next 2 ± spreading, ovate, elliptical or broadly lanceolate, acute, up to 3.5–7 cm. long and 1.7–3.5 cm. broad, the upper ones much smaller, adpressed to the stem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence somewhat pyramidal, 2–6 cm. long, 1.5–2.5 cm. in diameter, densely 8- to many-flowered; bracts spreading, lanceolate, acute, 6–15 mm. long, the lower ones exceeding the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers half-spreading, sessile, pink to reddish-purple or greenish; ovary straight, 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards, united to one another and to the lip for ± 1 mm. at their base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 3.5–4.5 mm. long, scarcely 2 mm. broad; laterals obliquely elliptical, rounded, a little longer and broader than the intermediate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals lanceolate, subacute, 3–4 mm. long, 1.5 mm. broad; all tepals 1-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip hooded, obtuse, 3.5–5 mm. long, with a wide mouth, without spurs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 2–3 mm. high, curved, the stalk equalling the fertile part; stigma erect, nearly orbicular, just over 1 mm. broad, rostellum very short and broad, obscurely 3-lobed, the middle lobe very broad and rounded.
Habitat
Upland grassland, lava outcrops or volcanic ash; 3000–3600 m.
Distribution
T2 U2

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 10–35 cm high; tubers to 16 mm long, ellipsoid or fusiform, tomentose.
Morphology Stem
Stem leafy; leaves 4–6, the lowermost sheath-like, the next 2 borne near the stem base, spreading, up to 6.5 × 3 cm, ovate, acute; the upper leaves smaller and bract-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 2–6 × 1.5–2.5 cm, ± pyramidal, densely c. 15-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers deep pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 5–7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts erect, c. 15 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting, joined to each other and lip for 1–1.5 mm at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 4–5 × 1.6–1.8 mm, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse; lateral sepals slightly longer and wider, oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 4 × 1.5 mm, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 4–5 mm long, c. 5.5 mm wide when spread out, wide-mouthed; spurs absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 2–3 mm long, curved; stigma c. 1 mm high and wide; rostellum obscurely 3-lobed.

Native to:

Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Satyrium ecalcaratum Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 29, 1976 Morris, Brian [170], Malawi K000048900
Feb 2, 1967 Burtt, B.D. [3215], Zaïre K000048904
Feb 2, 1967 Burtt, B.D. [4048], Tanzania K000048903
Feb 2, 1967 Purseglove, J.W. [P.774], Uganda K000048901
Feb 2, 1967 Purseglove, J.W. [P.2601], Uganda K000048902
Fries, R.E. [1705], Zaïre K000048905 Unknown type material

First published in R.E.Fries, Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912, 1: 242 (1916)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Robyns & Tournay, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert. 3: 453 (1955).
  • Schltr. in R.E. Fr., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911–12, 1: 242 (1916).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0