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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.
Satyrium longicauda

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Fairly slender terrestrial herb 10–65 cm high; tubers 1–3.5 cm long, ellipsoid or ovoid.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot 3–5-leaved; the lowermost 1–3 leaves sheathing; upper leaves up to 11 × 7.5 cm, ovate.
Sterile
Sterile shoot 3–5-leaved; the lowermost 1–3 leaves sheathing; upper leaves up to 11 × 7.5 cm, ovate.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem with 3–9 sheathing leaves c. 4 cm long.
Fertile
Flowering stem with 3–9 sheathing leaves c. 4 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 6–8 × 2–2.5 cm, laxly up to 15-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers scented, white, with pale pink spots at apices of lip and lateral sepals, sometimes whole flower tinged with pink or purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Ovary and pedicel c. 10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts reflexed, up to 35 mm long at base of inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals deflexed, joined to each other and lip in basal quarter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 9–13 × 2–3 mm, oblong, obtuse; lateral sepals slightly longer and wider, oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal but slightly shorter and wider, ciliolate at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 9–12 mm long, of similar width when spread out, very convex and hooded, wide-mouthed with the apex reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 3.3–4.3(5) cm, slender, tapering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 6.5–9 mm high; stigma 2–3 × 2.5–4 mm; rostellum 2–3 mm long, the mid-lobe ± orbicular from a narrow base, much longer than side lobes.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 1–6.5 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers ellipsoid, ovoid or fusiform-ovoid, 1–3.5 cm. long, 4–13 mm. in diameter,± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Fertile stem slender to rather stout, covered by sheathing leaves; sheaths 3–9, lanceolate, acute, up to 2.5–10 cm. long and 1–3 cm. broad, decreasing in size upwards. Sterile stem usually very short, up to 6 cm. long, 2–5-leaved; lowest 1–3 leaves sheath-like, subacute or obtuse, the upper 1 or 2 lanceolate to ovate-elliptical, acute or obtuse, up to 3.5–22 cm. long and 1–9 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, up to 23 cm. long, 2.5–4 cm. in diameter, rather loosely to densely 1- to many-flowered; bracts soon reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1–3.5 cm. long, the lower ones often longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers curved outwards, white or variously suffused or tinged pink, fragrant; pedicel with ovary curved, ± 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals deflexed, united to one another and to the lip in their basal fourth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblong-elliptical, obtuse, 9–13 mm. long, 2–3 mm. broad; laterals obliquely elliptical-oblong, obtuse, a little longer and broader than the intermediate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to the intermediate sepal but a little shorter and broader, ciliolate in the apical part; all tepals 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex and hooded with the apex shortly recurved, 8.5–12 mm. long and ± the same in breadth when spread out, the mouth broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs ± parallel to the ovary, narrowly cylindrical, 2.5–4.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column erect, 6.5–9 mm. high, the stalk slightly longer than the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, orbicular to transversely elliptical, 2–3 mm. tall, 2.5–4 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, 2–3 mm. long, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, triangular, the middle lobe much longer, ± orbicular from a narrower base.
Habitat
Upland grassland, stony hillsides or in rock crevices; 1500–3100 m.
Distribution
T7

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Satyrium longicauda Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Norlindh, T. [4638], Zimbabwe 21175.000
Fries, T.C.E. [2712], Zimbabwe 24610.000
Crook, A.O. [395], Zimbabwe 24706.000
Polhill, R. [1624], Tanzania 26049.000
Ball, J.S. [433], Zimbabwe 26783.000
Hall, A.V. [831], South Africa 27877.000
Hall, A.V. [862], South Africa 27911.000
Hall, A.V. [821], South Africa 27912.000
Hall, A.V. [804], South Africa 27913.000
Hall, A.V. [843], South Africa 27916.000
Milne-Redhead, E., Tanzania 38456.000
Zimbabwe 43023.000
South Africa 46356.000

First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 337 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bolus, Ic. Orch. Austr.-Afr. 1, t. 70 (1896).
  • Kraenzl., Orch. Gen. et Sp. 1: 706 (1900).
  • Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. Pl.: 337 (1838).
  • Rolfe in Dyer, Fl. Cap. 5(3): 158 (1912).
  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 31: 155 (1901).
  • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 96 (1895).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/