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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 15–80 cm high; tubers up to 2.5 × 1 cm, ± globose or ovoid, almost glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–10, the lowest 1–3 sheath-like, the next 2 large and spreading, near the base of the stem but not appressed to the ground, 10–24 × 4.5–8 cm, ovate, glossy light green; the remainder spaced along the stem, much smaller and sheath-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 7–22 × 2.5–4 cm, fairly densely 10- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale to deep pink or carmine-red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Ovary and pedicel 10 mm long, tinged with pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts reflexed, up to 3 cm long at base of inflorescence, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards or slightly decurved, joined to each other and lip for about a third of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 10–15 × 1.5–2 mm, ligulate, obtuse; lateral sepals oblique, slightly shorter and 2–3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals slightly shorter and broader than median sepal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 8–10.5 mm long, 6.5–8.5 mm wide when spread out, very convex and hooded, the apex shortly reflexed, wide-mouthed and thin-textured.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 12–20 mm long, slender, tapering, parallel to ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column up to 8 mm high; stigma 1.5 × 2.5 mm; rostellum equally 3-lobed, the mid-lobe shortly bifid.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 1.5–8 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers sessile or shortly stalked, globose to elongate-ellipsoid or ovoid, 1–2.5 cm. long, 5–10 mm. in diameter, almost glabrous.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, slender or rather stout, leafy along its length, terete.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–10; lowermost 1–3 very short, sheathing, next 2 or 3 much larger than the others, half-spreading, lanceolate, elliptical or ovate, 4.5–23 cm. long, 2.5–11 cm. broad, obtuse or shortly acute or acuminate, the remainder much smaller, sheath-like, lanceolate, acute, 2.5–10 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, 5–33 cm. long, 2.5–4 cm. in diameter, rather closely 10- to many-flowered; bracts very soon reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1–3 cm. long, the lower longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers spreading or half-spreading, pale to bright pink; pedicel with ovary curved, scarcely 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals spreading forwards or somewhat decurved, united to one another and to the lip in the lower third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal ligulate or narrowly elliptical, obtuse, 10–15 mm. long, 1.5- 2 mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblong-elliptical, obtuse, a little shorter than the intermediate sepal, 2–3 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to the intermediate sepal but a little shorter and broader; all tepals 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex and hooded with a short reflexed apex, 8–11 mm. long, 6–9 mm. broad when spread out, 2-spurred at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs slender, ± divergent, tapering, 10–18 mm. long, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column with a long slender stalk, 6.5–8 mm. high; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, semi-orbicular, 2.5–3 mm. broad, 1.5 mm. high, rostellum broad, shortly and equally 3-lobed, the middle lobe shortly bifid.
Habitat
Damp or badly drained upland grassland, edges of scrub, or open Brachystegia woodland; 1200–2550 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T7 T8

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Satyrium macrophyllum Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [10402], Tanzania Satyrium cheirophorum 24547.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [9595], Tanzania Satyrium cheirophorum 24551.000
Norlindh, T. [4813], Zimbabwe Satyrium cheirophorum 24609.000
Wild, H. [4446], Zimbabwe Satyrium cheirophorum 24699.000
Ball, J.S. [531], Zimbabwe Satyrium cheirophorum 24733.000
Greatrex, F.C. [27429], Zimbabwe Satyrium cheirophorum 24819.000
Brummitt, R.K. [9620], Malawi Satyrium cheirophorum 25694.066
Brummitt, R.K. [9143], Malawi Satyrium cheirophorum 25694.112
Piers, F. [P.45], Kenya Satyrium cheirophorum 26762.000
Malawi Satyrium cheirophorum 50988.000
Malawi Satyrium cheirophorum 50993.000
Tweedie, E.M. [3821], Kenya Satyrium cheirophorum 6049.311

First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 338 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0