Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 30–60 cm, high; tubers 1.5–2 × 1–2 cm, globose to ovoid, tomentose.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot with 3(4) leaves, at various stages of development at flowering time, the lowest 2 sheath-like, the terminal one c. 5 cm long, lanceolate, acute.
Sterile
Sterile shoot with 3(4) leaves, at various stages of development at flowering time, the lowest 2 sheath-like, the terminal one c. 5 cm long, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem purplish in upper half with 6–7 loosely sheathing, imbricate leaves up to 7 cm long.
Fertile
Flowering stem purplish in upper half with 6–7 loosely sheathing, imbricate leaves up to 7 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 9–15 × 3 cm, densely many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rich carmine-red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Ovary and pedicel 10–12 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts to 25 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed, tinged with red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals spreading and projecting forwards, joined to each other and lip for about a third of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 12–14 × 2–2.5 mm, narrowly oblong, rounded; lateral sepals of similar length but broader and oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 10–12 mm long, 13–16 mm wide when spread out, very convex and hooded with a wide mouth, the apex slightly reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 12–15 mm long, slender, parallel to ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 7–8 mm long, the stalk slender, curved; stigma 2 × 3 mm; rostellum shortly 3-lobed, the mid-lobe tooth-like and shorter than side lobes; viscidium single, constricted in middle.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 2–6 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers globose to ovoid, 1.5–2 cm. long, 1–2 cm. in diameter, ± tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem erect, rather slender to stout, with sheaths all along its length; sheaths (or sheathing leaves) 6–10, the upper ones overlapping, lanceolate, acute, up to 3–8 cm. long and 1–2.5 cm. broad; sterile stem much shorter with 2 sheathing leaves, the terminal leaf lanceolate, acute, 5 cm. long, 1.6 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, 5–14 cm. long, 2.5–3.5 cm. in diameter, rather densely 13- to many-flowered; bracts soon reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1–2.5 cm. long, the lowest ones sometimes longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers curving outwards until nearly horizontal, pink to scarlet; pedicel with ovary ± curved, scarcely 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals decurved, united to one another and to the lip in their basal third.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal narrowly elliptical-oblong, rounded, 12–13 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblong-elliptical, obtuse, ± as long as intermediate, 3–4 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obliquely oblanceolate or subspathulate, subacute or obtuse, equalling the intermediate sepal, 2.5 mm. broad; all tepals 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip almost horizontal, very convex and hooded with a short acute turned-up apex, 10–12 mm. long, 13–17 mm. broad when spread out.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs slender, parallel with the ovary, 11–12 mm. long, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column enclosed in the lip, 7–8 mm. long, the stalk slender, curved, equalling the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, long-ellipsoid; stigma erect, broadly semi-orbicular, 3mm. broad, 2mm. high, rostellum very shortly 3-toothed, the middle lobe broadly triangular, viscidium single, very broad, slightly constricted in the middle.
Habitat
Upland grassland, often with perennial herbs; 1950–2400 m.
Distribution
T7

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

Satyrium monadenum Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Richards, H.M. [14174], Tanzania 23805.000
Richards, H.M. [10460], Malawi 26757.000
Richards, H.M. [14133], Tanzania 26758.000
Williamson, G. [797], Zambia 33175.000
Williamson, G. [229], Zambia 34384.000
Cribb, P. [10716], Tanzania 36738.000
Cribb, P. [11302], Tanzania 40984.000
Stolz, A. [1031], Tanzania K000416085

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 527 (1915)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 527 (1915).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0