Genus:
Satyrium Sw.

Satyrium princeae Kraenzl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Slender terrestrial herb 20–40 cm high.
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaf 1, appressed to the ground, 3.5–5 × 4.5 cm, heart-shaped; stem with 3–6 sheathing leaves up to 3 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence c. 6 × 2 cm, fairly densely up to 20-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bright rose-pink, bracts purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Pedicel and ovary 7–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts reflexed, up to 15 × 5 mm, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals projecting forwards, joined to each other and lip for 2–3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 7–9 × 1–1.3 mm, ligulate to oblanceolate, rounded at apex; lateral sepals oblique, of similar length and slightly wider.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal but slightly shorter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 6–7 mm long, 6–7 mm wide when spread out, very convex, the apex reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 11–18 mm long, slender, tapering, parallel to ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column slender, erect, 4.5–6.5 mm high; stigma 1–1.5 × 2 mm; rostellum shortly and almost equally 3-toothed, the middle tooth bifid.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 2–6 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers not seen.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, slender or somewhat robust, with 1 basal leaf and several sheaths along its length.
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaf adpressed to the ground, ovate or broadly ovate, ± heart-shaped, acute or shortly acuminate, 2.5–11 cm. long, 2–10 cm. broad, fleshy; sheathing leaves 3–7(–11), lanceolate, acute, 2.8–6.5 cm. long, 6–16 mm. broad, thin in texture.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, 3–18 cm. long, 2–3 cm. in diameter, rather loosely 8- to many-flowered; bracts erect at first, reflexed later, lanceolate, acute, 1–3.5 cm. long, the lower longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers spreading, pale to bright rose-pink; pedicel with ovary curved, scarcely 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals spreading forwards or somewhat decurved, united with one another and with the lip for 2.5–5 mm..
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblanceolate-oblong, rounded at apex, 8–12 mm. long, nearly 1.5 mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblong-elliptical, rounded at apex, equalling the intermediate, ± 2 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to the intermediate sepal but a little shorter; all tepals 3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex and hooded, the apex slightly rolled back, 6–9 mm. long, and nearly as broad when spread out, 2-spurred at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs slender, 1.2–1.8 cm. long, scarcely 1.5 mm. in diameter at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column erect, contained within the lip, 4.5–6.5 mm. high, the stalk slender, longer than the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, semi-orbicular, 2 mm. broad by 1–1.5 mm. high, rostellum broad, shortly and almost equally 3-toothed, the middle tooth shortly bifid.
Habitat
Upland grassland, sometimes with Pteridium or swampy; 1800–2250 m.
Distribution
T7 T8

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

Satyrium princeae Kraenzl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 11, 1964 Stolz, A. [2453] K000416079 Unknown type material Yes
Holmes, W.D. [0220], Malawi 23800.000 No
Richards, H.M. [14016], Tanzania 23801.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [10382], Tanzania 24564.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [10382A], Tanzania 24565.000 No
Richards, H.M. [7700], Tanzania 27208.000 No
Zambia 34003.000 No
Holmes, W.D. [0220], Zambia 36555.000 No
Cribb, P. [10821], Tanzania 44134.000 No

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 56 (1902)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kraenzl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 33: 56 (1902).
  • Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 20: 172 (1966).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0