Genus:
Satyrium Sw.

Satyrium trinerve Lindl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb 30–108 cm high; tubers to 4.5 cm long, ellipsoid to fusiform, woolly.
Morphology General Shoots
Sterile shoot 4-leaved; the 2 lower leaves sheath-like; the upper leaves to 25 × 7.5 cm, lanceolate, acute.
Sterile
Sterile shoot 4-leaved; the 2 lower leaves sheath-like; the upper leaves to 25 × 7.5 cm, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Stem
Flowering stem with 5–10 leaves, the largest in the middle, erect, loosely sheathing at base, 10–24 × 2.5–4 cm, ± lanceolate, acute, with prominent longitudinal veins.
Fertile
Flowering stem with 5–10 leaves, the largest in the middle, erect, loosely sheathing at base, 10–24 × 2.5–4 cm, ± lanceolate, acute, with prominent longitudinal veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–27 × 2–3 cm, densely many-flowered, the rhachis hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, the median sepal and petals sometimes yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 6–8 mm long, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts up to 55 mm long, lanceolate, acute, spreading or with some reflexed, untidy-looking, white towards apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals ± deflexed, joined to each other in basal half and to lip for 1–2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 5–8 × 1 mm, oblanceolate, obtuse, it and the petals curved back; lateral sepals spreading, slightly longer and about twice as wide, obliquely oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal but half as wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 6–8 mm long with upturned apex 2 mm long, very convex, with wide mouth 4–5 mm across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 4–7 mm long, 1.5–2 mm diameter, parallel to ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 3.5–5 mm high; stigma 1.5–2 mm high and wide; rostellum shortly and equally 3-lobed, the mid-lobe bifid.

[FWTA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb up to 31/2 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
2-3 lanceolate, acute or subacute leaves on the stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
White flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts often whitish
Ecology
In marshes and grasslands.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Guinea, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Satyrium trinerve Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Dec 1, 2007 Pollard, B.J. [986], Cameroon 77092.000 No
Hall, A.V. [630], South Africa 27905.000 No
Dupuy, D.J. [M833], Madagascar 58227.000 No
Lewis, B.A. [1390], Tanzania 60275.000 No
Labat, J.N. [2151], Madagascar 71852.000 No
Du Puy, D.J. [M669], Madagascar 72263.000 No
Turk, D. [721], Madagascar 72271.000 No
Lyall [310], Madagascar K000416147 Yes
Harizo, G. [1192], Madagascar K000718447 No
Lecary, M.R. [17103], Madagascar K000718455 No
Aug 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14237], Cameroon Satyrium atherstonei K000106558 No
Sep 1, 1972 Saxer, A. [5], Cameroon Satyrium atherstonei K000106555 No
Apr 4, 1965 Atherstone, W.G. [s.n.], South Africa Satyrium atherstonei K000416163 Unknown type material Yes
May 11, 1964 Nutt, W.H. [s.n.], Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei K000416131 Yes
May 11, 1964 Buchanan [304], Malawi Satyrium atherstonei K000416132 Yes
May 11, 1964 Buchanan, J. [287], Malawi Satyrium atherstonei K000416133 Unknown type material Yes
Dec 1, 1963 Maitland, T.D. [1575], Cameroon Satyrium atherstonei K000106556 No
Williamson, G. [708], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 1800.071 No
Richards, H.M. [2189], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 22994.000 No
Bullock, A.A. [1411], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 22995.000 No
Richards, H.M. [10673], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 23825.000 No
Richards, H.M. [10386], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 23826.000 No
Holmes, W.D. [055], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 23827.000 No
Fanshawe, D.B. [2615], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 23828.000 No
Richards, H.M. [3940], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 23829.000 No
Richards, H.M. [3801], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 23830.000 No
Wild, H. [1625], Zimbabwe Satyrium atherstonei 23831.000 No
Richards, H.M. [11784], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 24591.000 No
Robson, N.K.B. [1315], Malawi Satyrium atherstonei 24592.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8957], Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei 24593.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8389], Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei 24594.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8304], Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei 24595.000 No
Richards, H.M. [4132], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 24596.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2670], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 24597.000 No
Norlindh, T. [4500], Zimbabwe Satyrium atherstonei 24598.000 No
Fries, T.C.E. [3841], Zimbabwe Satyrium atherstonei 24599.000 No
Polhill, R. [1519], Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei 24743.000 No
Richards, H.M. [17434], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 25223.000 No
Richards, H.M. [10511A], Malawi Satyrium atherstonei 25226.000 No
Watermeyer, A.M. [226], Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei 26766.000 No
Hall, A.V. [284], Zimbabwe Satyrium atherstonei 27817.000 No
Robinson, E.A. [4124], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 29785.000 No
Tanzania Satyrium atherstonei 36640.000 No
Richards, H.M. [15917], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei 3799.000 No
de Prosch, R. [4], Zambia Satyrium atherstonei K000416134 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 23, 1964 Antunes [17], Angola Satyrium leucocomos K000416137 Yes
Welwitsch [728], Angola Satyrium leucocomos K000416138 isotype Yes

First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 344 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Cribb, P., Hermans, J. & Rakotoarinivo, M. (2009). Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar: 1-456. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa. Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0