Serapias lingua L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 950 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Medit. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.


Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Great Britain


Homotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
  • Galán Cela, P. & Gamarra, R. (2003). Check List of the Iberian and Balearic Orchids 2. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 60: 309-329.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Wood, J.J. [282] Greece K:SPC-39481.000 No
Greece K000364013 Unknown Type Material Yes
Tineo [s.n.] Italy K000364010 Unknown Type Material Yes
France K:SPC-20415.000 No
Hooper, S. Greece K:SPC-28127.000 No
Italy K:SPC-20412.000 No
Pinto, M. J. et al. [s.n. ] Portugal K001635913 Yes
Cumberlege [1500] Greece K:SPC-27638.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [12283] Italy K:SPC-00195.000 No
Barneby, T. France K:SPC-28685.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2636] K:SPC-47690.000 No
Swainson [s.n.] Italy K000364006 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sandwith, N.Y. [5198] Spain K:SPC-00197.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2588] K:SPC-48778.000 No
Cribb, P.J. [224] Italy K:SPC-39551.000 No
Bentham [s.n.] France K000364008 Unknown Type Material Yes
Joseph, J.; Joseph, S. [290] Spain K:SPC-48805.000 No
Joseph, J.; Joseph, S. [380] Spain K:SPC-48814.000 No
Sandwith, N.W. [5578] Spain K:SPC-00198.000 No
Clements, M.A. [2636] K:SPC-47954.000 No
Wood, J.J. [401] Italy K:SPC-43665.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. Greece K:SPC-45176.000 No
Wood, J.J. [176] Greece K:SPC-38950.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000364009 Unknown Type Material Yes
Heldreich, De [s.n.] Greece K000364011 Unknown Type Material Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [12285A] Italy K:SPC-00196.000 No
Chase [16358] K:SPC-71750.000 No
Italy K:SPC-05833.000 No
Hooker, W.J. [s.n.] K000364005 Unknown Type Material Yes
Heldreich, De [s.n.] Italy K000364012 Unknown Type Material Yes
Italy Helleborine lingua K000364007 Unknown Type Material Yes


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