Spiranthes australis (R.Br.) Lindl.

First published in Bot. Reg. 10: t. 823 (1824)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. European Russia to SW. Pacific. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Doubtfully present in:

Taiwan

Native to:

Afghanistan, Altay, Amur, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Buryatiya, Chatham Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Japan, Jawa, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Pakistan, Philippines, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Sakhalin, Samoa, Solomon Is., South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuva, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Pace, M.C. & al. (2019). Illuminating the systematics of the Spiranthes sinensis species complex (Orchidaceae): ecological speciation with little morphological differentiation. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 189: 36-62.
  • de Salas, MF, Baker, ML (2022). A Census of the Vascular Plants of Tasmania, including Macquarie Island: 1-161. Tasmanian Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. https://flora.tmag.tas.gov.au/resources/census/.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Spiranthes sinensis.]
  • Rao, A.N. (2011). A review of the subfamily Spiranthoideae Dressler (Orchidaceae) in Arunachal Pradesh. Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 27: 1-33. [Cited as Spiranthes sinensis.]
  • Silveira, P., Schuiteman, A., Vermeulen, J.J., Sousa, A.J., Silva, H., Paiva, J. & De Vogel, E. (2008). The orchids of Timor: checklist and conservation status. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 197-215. [Cited as Spiranthes sinensis.]
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. [Cited as Spiranthes sinensis.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2023). https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.578.1.1. epublication.
  • Khanam, M. & al. (2001). Our present knowledge on the Terrestrial Orchidaceae. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 35-49.
  • Ryabinina, Z.N. & Knyazev, M.S. (2009). Opredelitel sosudistykh rastenii Orenburgskoi oblasti: 1-757. Moskva: KMK.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Lang, D.C. [9], Australia 55516.000 No
Lang, D.C. [21], Australia 55527.000 No
Pantling, R. [383], India Neottia parviflora K000387559 Unknown type material Yes
Pantling, R. [383], India Neottia parviflora K000387587 Unknown type material Yes
F.K.W [7116], India Neottia parviflora K000387557 Unknown type material Yes
Apr 21, 2008 Jones, D.L. [13874], New South Wales Spiranthes alticola K000718506 isotype Yes
Aug 26, 1991 Colenso, W. [s.n.], New Zealand Spiranthes alticola K000942681 holotype Yes
Colenso, W. [s.n.], New Zealand Spiranthes alticola K000942680 syntype Yes

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images