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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Hypoestes phyllostachya

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; cystoliths present; stems sub-angular, sulcate or ridged.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite-decussate, petiolate, pairs equal or anisophyllous, usually evergreen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and/or terminal, comprising a series of monochasial cymules, arrangement of cymules variously fasciculate, umbellate, spiciform, strobiliform or cylindrical, sometimes compounded into verticillate or paniculate thyrses; main axis bracts paired, equal to highly unequal, free or basally fused, sometimes foliaceous; cymule bracts paired, equal to unequal, free or fused for up to – their length; bracteoles paired, equal to ± unequal, free, narrower than cymule bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx divided almost to base or with a distinct tube, 4- or 5-lobed, lobes subequal to ± unequal in length, often hyaline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers protandrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bilabiate, variously white, pink or purple, usually with darker guidelines; limb resupinate, tube twisted through 180°, cylindrical below twist, weakly to strongly expanded from above twist to mouth; lip held in upper position recurved distally, 3-lobed or with only median lobe well-developed, palate longer than lobes; lip held in lower position unlobed, apex acute, obtuse or shallowly emarginate, recurved distally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2; filaments attached at corolla mouth, exserted, initially straight, becoming divergently reflexed and bending out of corolla in female phase; anthers monothecous, thecae ellipsoid; staminodes absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk cupular with V-shaped slit, 2-awned.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary oblong-ovoid, glabrous, bilocular, 2 ovules per locule; style filiform; stigma bifid, exserted from corolla tube, held below anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule clavate, shortly stipitate, placental base inelastic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds held on retinacula, lenticular or compressed-ellipsoid, with a hilar excavation, smooth or tuberculate.
Distribution
Genus confined to the Old World tropics and subtropics from Africa to Australia, with the highest diversity on Madagascar where a revision is sorely needed.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers sessile, borne singly between 1 pair of bracts and 1 pair of bracteoles, arranged in inflorescences of different appearence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with 5 equal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped with widely separated lips, of 2 + 3lobes; tube narrow, twisted 180 degrees (as in Dicliptera and Peristrophe)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, exserted; anthers 1-celled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds smooth to somewhat tuberculate.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Mauritius, Rodrigues

Introduced into:

Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Norfolk Is., Panamá, Paraguay

Hypoestes Sol. ex R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
McWhinter, J. [196], Madagascar 32186.000
Beentje, H.J. [4689], Madagascar 62893.000
Beentje, H.J. [4682], Madagascar 62895.000
Coll. Nat. d'Agric. de Dschang [1858], Cameroon K000029442

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 474 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Benoist in Notulae Syst. 10: 24! (1942).
  • —F.T.A. 5: 244

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 474 (1810).
  • —Balkwill & Getliffe-Norris in S. Afr. J. Bot. 51: 133–144 (1984).
  • —Benoist in Notul. Syst. (Paris) 10: 241–248 (1942).
  • —Nees in De Candolle, Prodr. 11: 501 (1847).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0