Vanilla ramosa Rolfe

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A fleshy climbing herb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or creamy white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip marked with purple or mauve
Ecology
In rain forest.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytic, glabrous, leafy liane of indeterminate length with slender roots of various lengths arising at nodes.
Morphology Stem
Internodes up to 13 cm. long and 7 mm. diameter, succulent, terete, dull green, with single leaf arising at each node opposite or subtending each adventitious root.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy, very widely elliptic to oblong-elliptic, shortly acuminate to obtuse, rounded at the base, up to 8–16 cm. long and 3–6.5 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually axillary, frequently branched especially towards base, densely many-flowered, up to 8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts triangular, very small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, creamy white or occasionally pale buff-yellow, lip marked rosy mauve to purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals oblong-lanceolate to elliptic; dorsal sepal slightly cucullate, up to 3 cm. long and 1.2 cm. broad; lateral sepals similar with incipient callus-like keel towards apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to 2.5 cm. long and 1 cm. broad, shallowly grooved along entire length on dorsal surface, with a pronounced keel running along centre of groove to within 2 mm. of petal-apex, apical 1 mm. of keel free, porrect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip up to 2.5 cm. long and 2.7 cm. broad, distinctly and equally 3-lobed; mid-lobe slightly crenulate, bearing tufted crest of several backwardly sloping parallel dendritic lamellae and a raised smooth callus-like keel running from lamellae towards base of lip; side lobe margins adnate to column for entire length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column clavate, up to 1.8 cm. long, basal two-thirds adnate to lip side-lobe margins.
Habitat
Forest, dense scrub on coral and in plantations; 20–900 m.
Distribution
P T3 T6 Z

Native to:

Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Zaïre

Vanilla ramosa Rolfe appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2010 Darbyshire, I. [283], Cameroon K000582199 No
Mar 1, 2010 Onana, J.-M. [2822], Cameroon K000582195 No
Aug 19, 1968 Lyne, R.N. [s.n.], Tanzania K000306650 Yes
Aug 19, 1968 Lyne, R.N. [139], Tanzania K000306651 Yes
Aug 19, 1968 Lyne, R.N. [139], Tanzania K000306652 Yes
Aug 19, 1968 [Van Rysielburgh] [s.n.] K000306653 Unknown type material Yes
Aug 19, 1968 Gillet [336], Congo, DRC K000306654 Unknown type material Yes
Williams, R.O. [64], Tanzania 18574.000 No
21485.000 No
Faulkner, H. [3121], Tanzania 29174.000 No
Faulkner, H.M. 7634.000 No
Barter [20134], Niger K000306655 Unknown type material Yes
Thomas, D.W. [5922], Cameroon K000106575 No
Binuyo, A. [35648], Cameroon K000106574 No
Binuyo, A. [35648], Cameroon K000106573 No
Thompson, W.C. [132], Nigeria K000306656 Yes

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 457 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 177.
  • in J. Linn. Soc. 32: 457 (1896)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Szlachetko, D.L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast. Ruizia 20: 1-396.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • P.F. Hunt in Kew Bulletin 29: 426 (1974).
  • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 177 (1897).
  • Rolfe in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 32: 457 (1896)
  • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 205 (1968).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0