Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Iran to Central Asia, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.
Zeuxine strateumatica

[KBu]

Neto, L.M., Miranda, M.R. & Cruz, D. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9271-2

Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its widespread distribution.
Distribution
Southeast and central Asia, northern Oceania; introduced into the Middle East, North America, United States, Hawaii, the Caribbean and Brazil.
Ecology
In Brazil, found within the Atlantic forest domain, in a transition between restinga (coastal forest) and dense evergreen forest; it was growing in sandy-clay soil; near sea level.
Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb, c. 13 cm tall, commonly caespitose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6, spirally arranged, sessile, with amplexicaul sheath, dark green, sometimes reddish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with white sepals and petals and greenish yellow lip; dorsal sepal ovate, concave, apex acute; lateral sepals ovate, apex acute; petals lanceolate, subfalcate, apex acute; lip adnate to base of column, cymbiform, apex truncate, laterally dilated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, slender, dark-green, sometimes reddish
Note
According to records from specimens in Northern Hemisphere herbaria, Zeuxine strateumatica flowers between December and February, but in Brazil it was observed in flower between June and July. Therefore it flowers in autumn-winter throughout its distribution.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Iran, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bahamas, Bermuda, Brazil Southeast, California, Cuba, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Jamaica, Louisiana, Mississippi, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Texas

Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 1990 Godefroy, L. [412], Cambodia K000079063 Unknown type material
Jun 2, 1927 Wight, R. [s.n], India K000387630 Unknown type material
Jun 2, 1927 India K000387632 lectotype
Jun 2, 1927 s.coll. [s.n], India K000387631 Unknown type material
India 34112.000
India 34115.000
Cooper, J. [s.n.], Bermuda 52407.000
Collenette, J.S. [9411], Saudi Arabia 59781.000
Shyam Shahi, Nepal 60303.000
9711.000
Wight, R. [s.n], India K000387629 Unknown type material
Ellerton Stocks [411], India K000387623 Unknown type material
Stocks, J.E. [411], India K000387633 Unknown type material
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000942798
Goldman, D. [3982], Florida K000718413
Wallich, N. [s.n.], Bangladesh K000942797 isotype
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7392] Zeuxine sulcata K001127280
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7392] Zeuxine sulcata K001127278
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7392] Zeuxine sulcata K001127279

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 394 (1911)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ackerman, J.D. (2012). Orchids gone wild. Discovering naturalized orchids in Hawaii Orchids; the Magazine of the American Orchid Society 81: 88-93.
  • Averyanov, L. (2008). The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey part 1 Subfamilies Apostasioideae, Cyprioedioideae and Spiranthoideae Turczaninowia 11(1): 5-168.
  • Averyanov, L.V. (2011). The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 3. Subfamily Epidendroideae (primitive tribes - Neottieae, Vanilleae, Gastrodieae, Nervilieae) Turczaninowia 14(2): 15-100.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Deb, C.R. & Imchen, T. (2008). Orchid Diversity of Nagaland: 1-288. SciChem Publishing House, Udaipur, India.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Khanam, M. & al. (2001). Our present knowledge on the Terrestrial Orchidaceae Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 35-49.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
  • Misra, S. (2004). Orchids of Orissa: 1-774. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
  • Pedersen, H.Æ., Kurzwell, H., Suddee, S. & Cribb, P.J. (2011). Flora of Thailand 12(1): 1-302. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Rao, A.N. (2011). A review of the subfamily Spiranthoideae Dressler (Orchidaceae) in Arunachal Pradesh Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 27: 1-33.
  • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • (Linnaeus 1753: 943).
  • (Schlechter1911: 394);
  • Ackerman, J. D. (1995). An orchid flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 73: 1 – 203.
  • Ackerman, J. D. (2007). Invasive orchids: weeds we hate to love? Lankesteriana 7: 19 – 21.
  • Ames, O. (1938). Zeuxine strateumatica in Florida. Bot. Mus. Leafl. (Harvard Univ.) 6: 37 – 45.
  • Cribb, P. (2004). Zeuxine strateumatica (Orchidaceae), a new record for Hawaii. Kew Bull. 59: 652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Duncan, W. H. & Kartesz, J. T. (1981). Vascular Flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens.
  • Holmgren, P. K., Holmgren, N. H. & Barnett, L. (1990). Index Herbariorum. Part 1: The Herbaria of the World. Eighth edition. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species Plantarum 2. Holmiae.
  • Luer, C. (1975). The native orchids of Florida. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1922). An Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants, Vol. 1: Gymnosperms and Monocotyledons. Bureau of printing, Manila.
  • Pridgeon, A. M., Cribb, P. J., Chase, M. W. & Rasmussen, F. N. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum, Vol. 3: Orchidoideae (Part 2), Vanilloideae. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Rechinger, K. H. (1963 – 2005). Flora Iranica, 1 – 176. Akad. Druck-und Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Romero-González, G. A, Fernadéz-Concha, G. C., Dressler, R. L., Magrath, L. K. & Argus, G. W. (2003). Orchidaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds), Flora of North America, North of Mexico. 26. Published on the Internet; http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10638. accessed 30 June 2009.
  • Schlechter, R. (1911). BeiträgezurKenntniss der Orchideen-Flora von Sumatra. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 394.
  • Stern, W. L. (1988). The long-distance dispersal of Oeceocladesmaculata. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 57: 960 – 971.
  • Sun, M. (1997). Genetic diversity in three colonizing orchids with contrasting mating systems. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 224 – 232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Sun, M.  & Wong, K. C. (2001). Genetic structure of three orchid species with contrasting breeding system using RAPD and allozyme markers. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2180 – 2188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Thomas, R. D. & Allen, C. M. (1993). Atlas of the Vascular Flora of Louisiana — Vol. 1: Ferns and Fern Allies, Conifers & Monocotyledons. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • Thomas, R. D. (1998). The advance of Zeuxine strateumatica, a new record for Saudi Arabia. Orchid Rev. 106: 153 – 154.
  • Vakhrameeva, M. G. (2008). Orchids of Russia and Adjacent Countries (Within the Borders of the Former USSR). Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein.
  • Wood, J. J. & Cribb, P. J. (1994). A Check-list of the Orchids of Borneo. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • World Checklist of Monocotyledons. (2009). The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/ accessed 30 June 2009.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Menini Neto, L., Rodrigues Miranda, M. & Cruz, D. (2011). Zeuxine strateumatica (Orchjidaceae) goes south: a first record for Brazil Kew Bulletin 66: 155-158.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/