Orobanche cernua Loefl.

First published in Iter Hispan.: 152 (1758)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Old World. It is a holoparasitic perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Orobanchaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1957

Morphology General Habit
Stems single or clustered, 8–35 cm. (? more), unbranched, covered with a close, tawny pubescence and scattered glandular hairs, rather slender varying to thick, rather fleshy.
Morphology General Scales
Scales ovate, up to 1 cm. long, reddish brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminally rounded, from somewhat lax to very dense.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx sessile, split dorsally and ventrally, straw-coloured with darker veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla whitish yellow, up to 18 mm. long, the lobes of the limb with purplish tips, markedly swollen after fertilization and very constricted above the ovary, gently curved outward or becoming straight; upper lip bilobed, porrect, shallowly crenate-dentate; lower lip with subequal, rounded to rounded-acuminate lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted 5–7 mm. from the base of the tube; filaments and anthers usually glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style glabrous; stigma bilobed, whitish, warted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, the valves remaining apically united when ripe.
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Stem
Stems up to 40 cm tall, simple
Morphology Leaves
Scale-leaves ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence usually dense, each flower with a bract only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 7–12 mm long, split dorsally and ventrally into 2 free segments, each usually with 2 teeth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 12–20 mm long, whitish yellow, with purplish or bluish tips to the lobes, sparsely glandular pubescent, markedly swollen after fertilisation and very constricted above the ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted 4–7 mm from base of corolla-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule with valves remaining united at apex when ripe.
Distribution
N1, 3 Ethiopia, Socotra, East Africa, North Africa via southern Europe eastwards to India and Nepal, introduced elsewhere.
Ecology
Altitude range 1050–1500 m.
Vernacular
Gorewarabeh, hablabor, kysdul, oro-wara (Somali).
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images