Calamus draco Willd.

This is an unplaced name.

[PW]
Distribution
Known in Sarawak from a single collection from Pueh Forest Reserve, 1st Division. Elsewhere known (in the sense of Beccari's interpretation) from a few collections from S Sumatra.
Vernacular
wiondo (Selak.)
General Description
Clustering rattan climbing to 15 m tall; stem without sheaths c. 15 mm diam., with sheaths to 30 mm diam., internodes c. 15 cm long. Sheath bright green, bearing chocolate-coloured indumentum when young, armed with rather irregular short partial whorls of black spines andspinules, to 20 mm long, usually much less; knee well developed, armed with scattered black spines; ocrea absent. Leaf cirrate, to 2.5 m long including the petiole to 30 cm and cirrus to 1 m long; petiole armed laterally with groups of short spines to 6 mm long; leaflets c. 20 on each side of the rachis, ± regularly arranged, rather distant, linear-lanceolate, long acuminate, the longest to 40 x 2.5 cm, armed with long bristles on the main vein and 2 laterals on the undersurface; transverse veinlets minute but easily visible. Inflorescences pendulous, much shorter than the leaves, c. 45 cm long with c. 3 partial inflorescences; bracts rather thick and woody, falling at anthesis; rachillae very short. Mature fruit (not known in Sarawak) ± ovoid, 28 x 20 mm, covered in 16 vertical rows of scales, heavily encrusted with dragon's blood. Seed ± rounded; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling not known (Fig. 17).

[PW]
Use
The cane appears to be of good quality.

Native to:

Sumatera

Calamus draco Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 12, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5997], Malaysia Daemonorops draco K000520440 No
Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [7980], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520447 No
Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520442 No
Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520444 No
Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [5824], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520450 No
Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [7980], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520448 No
Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520446 No
Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [5824], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520452 No
Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [5824], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520451 No
Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520445 No
Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520443 No
Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520441 No
Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [7980], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520449 No

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 2: 203 (1799)

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops draco.]
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops draco.]
  • Henderson, A. (2020). A revision of Calamus (Arecaceae, Calamoideae, Calameae, Calaminae) Phytotaxa 445: 1-656. [Cited as Unplaced Name.]
  • Rustiami, H., Setyowati, F.M. & Kartawinata, K. (2004). Taxonomy and uses of Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology 1(2): 65-75. [Cited as Daemonorops draco.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Rustiami, H., Setyowati, F.M. & Kartawinata, K. (2004). Taxonomy and uses of Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology 1(2): 65-75.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0