Caryota mitis Lour.

First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 569 (1790)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. China to Indo-China and Malesia. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

Distribution

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China Southeast, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Comoros, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Anh, T.T.P. & Henderson, A. (2017). Thực Vật Chí Việt Nam. Flora of Vietnam 13: 1-414. Nhà xuất bản khoa học và kỹ thuật, Hà Nội.
  • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
  • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean). Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Powling, A. (2009). The palms of Buton, Indonesia, an island in Wallacea. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 53: 84-01.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Anh, T.T.P. & Henderson, A. (2017). Thực Vật Chí Việt Nam. Flora of Vietnam 13: 1-414. Nhà xuất bản khoa học và kỹ thuật, Hà Nội.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean). Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • RBG, Kew (ed.) (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 11, 2018 Petoe, P.; Sirukit anak Dubod, Mugu anak Sanggap, Dellie anak Medie, Medie anak Aloh, William Baker, Benedikt Kuhnhäuser [48] Malaysia K001287274 No
Jan 2, 2002 Matthew, K.M. [RHT72898] India K000209350 No
Aug 2, 2001 Hoare, A.; Lawa, G. [174] Malaysia K000935545 No
Aug 2, 2001 Hoare, A.; Lawa, G. [159] Malaysia K000935544 No
Dec 22, 1998 s.coll. [s.n.] K:SPC-78165.000 No
Dec 22, 1998 s.coll. [s.n.] K:SPC-66790.000 No
Jun 6, 1996 Tadong [355] Malaysia K000935373 No
Mar 5, 1991 Anonymous [4086] Thailand K000935341 No
Feb 5, 1990 Ridsdale, C.E. [1881] Philippines K000935578 No
Mar 5, 1988 Gianno, R. [E265] Malaysia K000935132 No
Feb 9, 1983 Ave, W. [118] Malaysia K000935134 No
Jun 1, 1975 Gadoh [187] Malaysia K000935119 No
K:SPC-63976.000 No
Ave, W. [18] Malaysia K000935133 No
Kiah [SFN31775] Malaysia K000935121 No
Kiah [SFN31775] Malaysia K000935120 No
Musser, G.G. [458] Indonesia K000935428 No
Laumonier, Y. [6137] Indonesia K000935422 No
Fung, H. [20242] China K000935826 No
Henderson, A.; Bui Van Thanh, Ho Dac Thang & Tran Manh [3504] Vietnam K000667194 No
Chase, M.W. [MC12351] K000707519 No
Poilane [10991] Vietnam K000935342 No
Ambriansyah; Arifin [AA236] Indonesia K000935417 No
Witono, J.; Sujaman, S.; Sudarso, E.; Walters, T.W. [182] Indonesia K000935472 No
Furtado, C.X. [SFN31131] Indonesia K000935603 No
Tadong [59] Malaysia K000935426 No
Sibil [193] Malaysia K000935366 No
Rahmat Sitoroes [4811] Indonesia K000935365 No
Henderson, A.; Ninh Khac Ban; A Ruc Cui [3476] Vietnam K000526528 No
Neal, M.C. [s.n.] K000935597 No
Phengkhlai, C. [553] Thailand K000935343 No
Coode [6069] Indonesia K000935471 No
Jinuan, J. [71] Malaysia K000935424 No
Nur, Md. [7321] Indonesia K000935411 No
Lugas [176] Malaysia K000935376 No
Henderson, A.; Nguyen Quoc Dung, Phan Xuan Phuong, & Le Van Bo [3245] Vietnam K000667066 No
Anderson, J.A.R. [9391] Malaysia K000935378 No
Amin; Francis [SAN121568] Malaysia K000935375 No
Corner, E.J.H. [SFN30139] Malaysia K000935123 No
Corner, E.J.H. [SFN30139] Malaysia K000935124 No
Corner, E.J.H. [SFN30139] Malaysia K000935122 No
Witono, J.; Sujaman, S.; Sudarso, E.; Walters, T.W. [155] Indonesia K000935468 No
Furtado, C.X. [30950] K000935599 No
Teysmann [s.n.] Indonesia K000935399 No
Geesink; Hattink, T. [6433] Thailand K000935359 No
Kostermans [759] Thailand K000935205 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5754] Indonesia K000935403 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5754] Indonesia K000935401 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5754] Indonesia K000935402 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5754] Indonesia K000935400 No
Awa; Lee, B. [S50138] Malaysia K000935372 No
Anonymous [s.n.] K000935595 No
Henderson, A.; de Nevere, G. [653] K000935657 No
Kalshoven, L.G.E. [223b] Indonesia K000935395 No
Henderson, A.; Nguyen Quoc Dung, Phan Doan Vong, Phan Quyet, & Le Van Bo [3279] Vietnam K000667022 No
Kalshoven, L.G.E. [223b] Indonesia K000935396 No
Kalshoven, L.G.E. [223b] Indonesia K000935397 No
Sibil [151] Malaysia K000935469 No
Furtado, C.X. [SFN31101] Indonesia K000935604 No
Sambuling [160] Malaysia K000935370 No
Nguyen, V.D.; Vu, X.P.; Nguyen, T.C.; Bui, H.Q.; de Kok, R.P.J.; Utteridge, T.M.A.; Moore, A.; Trudgen, M.; Briggs, M. [HNK1856] Vietnam K000526600 No
Furtado, C.X. [SFN30927] Indonesia K000935600 No
Wallich [8594] India K000526339 Unknown Type Material Yes
Fleury, F. [32510] Vietnam K000707400 No
BCS-EFA-LM; et al [SAN85513] Malaysia K000935419 No
Nur, Md.; Dr. Foxworthy [SFN11985] Malaysia K000935131 No
Nur, Md.; Dr. Foxworthy [SFN11985] Malaysia K000935130 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [12606] Philippines K000935577 No
Reynoso; Alvarez; Fuentes [PPI7860] Philippines K000935576 No
Henderson, A.; Bui Van Thanh, Vu Van Duy, & Nguyen Ngoc Quynh [3383] Vietnam K000667173 No
Wallich [8594] India K000526338 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rahmat si Boeea [6855] Indonesia K000935386 No
Rahmat si Boeea [6855] Indonesia K000935385 No
Gianno, R. [E22] Malaysia K000935136 No
Cultivated [1985-5037] K000114536 No
Lee, B.; Dyg. Awa [S50028] Malaysia K000935364 No
Aumeeruddy, Y. [274] Indonesia K000935368 No
Henderson, A.; Thanh, B. [AH3663] Vietnam K000707417 No
Averyanov, L.; Hiep, N.T.; Loc, P.K. [VH4806] Vietnam K000462491 No
Henderson, M.R. [SFN29068] Malaysia K000935135 No
Andau [194] Malaysia K000935377 No
Geesink; Hiepko, P.; Phengklai, C. [7948] Thailand K000935207 No
Bakia [338] Malaysia K000935369 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [11166] Thailand K000935236 No
India K:SPC-66587.000 No
Witono, J.; Sujahman, S.; Sudarso, E.; Walters, T.W. [165] Indonesia K000935367 No
Dransfield, J.; Dransfield, S.; Jang; Shanang; Niga Maung Soe Paing [JD7286] Brunei K000935465 No
Kudi [S33686] Malaysia K000935420 No
Rahmat si Boeea [9139] Indonesia K000935393 No
Rahmat si Boeea [9139] Indonesia K000935391 No
Rahmat si Boeea [9139] Indonesia K000935392 No
Rahmat si Boeea [9139] Indonesia K000935394 No
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [26224] Malaysia K000935413 No
Gibbs [2698] Malaysia K000935398 No
Laumonier, Y. [TFB1820] Indonesia K000935418 No
Awa; Paie, I. [44362] Malaysia K000935416 No
Soibeh [235] Malaysia K000935423 No
Soibeh [787] Malaysia K000935374 No
Furtado, C.X. [SFN31130] Indonesia K000935601 No
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [27219] Malaysia K000935421 No
Whitmore, T.; Sidiyasa, K. [TCW3384] Indonesia K000935466 No
Rahmat si Boeea [8896] Indonesia K000935404 No
Rahmat si Boeea [8896] Indonesia K000935405 No
David, B.; Hul, S.; Cheng, S.K.; Leti, M. [CL944] Cambodia K000527217 No
Furtado, C.X. [SFN30928] K000935658 No
Poilane [890829] Vietnam K000935206 No
Rahmat si Boeea [9590] Indonesia K000935390 No
Balansa [4368] K000935235 No
Henderson, A.; Ninh Khac Ban [3461] Vietnam K000526521 No
Griffith [s.n.] Malaysia K000935129 No
Dransfield, J.; Mogea, J.P. [3812] Indonesia K000935414 No
Mejia, K. [2018] Indonesia K000935412 No
Forbes, H.O. [2501] Indonesia K000935407 No
Forbes, H.O. [2501] Indonesia K000935408 No
Witono, J.; Sujaman, S.; Sudarso, E.; Walters, T.W. [144] Indonesia K000935415 No
Christensen [1181] Malaysia K000935371 No
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [22098] Malaysia K000935410 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5715] Indonesia K000935388 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5715] Indonesia K000935389 No
Rahmat si Boeea [5715] Indonesia K000935387 No
Charoenphol, Ch.; Larsen, K.; Warnecke, E. [4165] Thailand K000935237 No
Rahmat si Boeea [6714] Indonesia K000935384 No
Henderson, M.R. [SFN29530] Malaysia K000935125 No
Henderson, M.R. [SFN29530] Malaysia K000935126 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [21579] Malaysia K000935406 No
Nur [s.n.] K000935598 No
Wray, L. Jr. [3744] Malaysia K000935127 No
Wray, L. Jr. [3744] Malaysia K000935128 No
Powling, A. [26] Indonesia K000667616 No
Whitmore, T.; Chatan; Chanlung [TCW3107] Thailand K000935204 No
Henderson, A.; Bui Van Thanh, Tran Dinh Duc & Nguyen Cong Thien [3489] Vietnam K000667180 No
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [27226] Malaysia K000935427 No
Rahmat si Boeea [4292] Indonesia K000935380 No
Rahmat si Boeea [4292] Indonesia K000935381 No
Rahmat si Boeea [4292] Indonesia K000935379 No
K:SPC-29047.509 No
Wallich [8594] India K000526340 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ashton, P.S. [S18646] Malaysia K000935470 No
Cuadra [A1229] Malaysia K000935409 No
Christensen; Apu, F.L. [179] Malaysia K000935467 No
Rahmat si Boeea [7341] Indonesia K000935383 No
Rahmat si Boeea [7341] Indonesia K000935382 No
Shiu Ying Hu [10090] K000935596 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0