Chamaedorea pinnatifrons (Jacq.) Oerst.

First published in Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1858: 14 (1859)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Central Mexico to S. Tropical America. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
caña de molinillo, caña de San Pablo, caña de víbora, carmaná, colegallo, iguanul, inguanul pequeño, labicá, mataculebra, mataculebra verde, matamba, molenillo, molinilla, molinillo, palma de culebra, palma de molinillo, palma molinillo, sampablo, verduguillo
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 2500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Subarbusto, palma solitaria
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

General Description
Understorey palm. Stem solitary, to 4 m tall and 2.5 cm in diameter, green. Leaf sheath closed for at least 4/5 of its length; blade pinnately divided or rarely entire, 25-75 cm long and 15-30 cm wide; pinnae 7-15 on each side, usually conspicuously sigmoid. Inflorescences infrafoliar, one per node, to 80 cm long, once branched; male inflorescences with 3-25 pendulous branches; female inflorescences with 2-15, horizontal to erect branches, orange in fruit. Male flowers with petals united at apex. Fruits black, ca. 9 x 11 mm.
Distribution
Colombia and Venezuela to Bolivia and Brazil, at up to 2400 m elevation. In Ecuador it is common in the E lowlands and on the E and W Andean slopes, in primary as well as in secondary forest, often on steep slopes.
[PW]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 30 - 2500 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Subshrub.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Pacific. Elevation range: 30–2500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Subshrub, Solitary palm.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. National Red List of Colombia (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Caña de san pablo, Caña de víbora, Colegallo, Inguanul, Labicá, Mataculebra verde, Molenillo, Molinillo, Sampablo
[UPFC]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Eaten by animals (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Environmental
Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Food
Food (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Other Materials
'Roots' - Used to make grinders (Linares 1994).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

Spanish
Molinillo.

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    • Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/