Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Egypt and Arabian Peninsula.

[FWTA]

Palmae, T. A. Russell. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A dioecious palm
Ecology
Of hot dry localities
Diagnostic
Easily recognized by its common, though not invariable, habit of branching.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree, up to 10 m or more tall, solitary, dichotomously branched
Morphology General
Similar to H. compressa, but fruits irregularly knobbly.
Distribution
N2; Djibouti, Eritrea, Sudan, Egypt
Ecology
Altitude c. 5 m.
Vernacular
Timir (tree); garow (fruit) (Somali)
Note
The Somali plants have smaller fruits (c. 4.5–5.5 cm long) than normal in the species. The relationship between H. thebaica and H. dankaliensis Becc. (1906) in Eritrea needs further study.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Yemen

Introduced into:

Netherlands Antilles

English
Doum Palm

Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 31, 2004 Bayton, R.P. [65], Burkina Faso K000521931 No
Mar 31, 2004 Bayton, R.P. [66], Burkina Faso K000521932 No
Jan 6, 1990 Collenette, I.S. [6826], Saudi Arabia K000208663 No
Jan 1, 1977 Geerling, C. [2660], Mali K000386264 No
Cotton, W.B. 19108.000 No
Friis, I. [7796], Ethiopia K000521936 No
Schimper, W. [960], Egypt K000208661 No
Bove [378], Egypt K000208662 No
Collenette, S. [21], Saudi Arabia K000208667 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000697892 Unknown type material Yes
Eig [s.n.], Palestine K000208659 No
Friis, I. [8003], Ethiopia K000521935 No
Hepper [3028], Egypt K000208668 No
Hepper, F.N. [3824], Mali K000386262 No
Kirk, J. [147], Mozambique K000462252 No
Simpson, N.D. [2401], Egypt K000208658 No
unknown [s.n.], Palestine K000208660 No
illegible [s.n.], Egypt K000208736 No
Cultivated [1994-3803] K000114500 No
Hepper, F.N. [3824], Mali K000386261 No

First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 226 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean) Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Beccari in Agric. Col. 2: 162 (1908)
  • Beccari in Palme Borass. 23 (1924)
  • Chev. & Dubois in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 18: 93 (1938).
  • Chev. Bot. 676
  • F.T.A. 8: 120
  • Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 226, tt. 131-3 (1839)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Meyer, J.-Y., Lavergne, C. & Hodel, D.R. (2008). Time bombs in gardens: invasive ornamental palms in tropical islands, with emphasis on French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean) and the Mascarenes (Indian Ocean) Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 52: 23-35.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0