Genus:
Scadoxus Raf.

Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to SW. Arabian Peninsula.

[FTEA]

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Herb 15–120 cm. tall, with a rhizomatous bulb.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles forming a false stem 5–60 cm. long; leaf-blade lanceolate to ovate, acute to acuminate or obtuse, basally attenuate to subcordate; leaves appear during or after flowering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 12–75 cm. long; false stem and scape often spotted brown-red to dark violet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts drooping and withering early, lanceolate to linear, up to 6 cm. long and less than 1.5 cm. broad, colourless or tinged with red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence semiglobose to globose, ± 10–200-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels (1–) 1.5–4.5 (–6.5) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth, filaments and style scarlet, turning more pink when fading, segments often paler than filaments. Perianth-tube cylindrical, 0.4–2.6 cm. long; segments spreading, linear, 1.2–3.2 cm. long, 0.5–5 mm. broad, (1–)3(–5)-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments filiform, 1.5–4.2 cm. long at anthesis; anthers 1–3 mm., red or yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries 0.5–1 cm. in diameter.

[FWTA]

Amaryllidaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Stout bulb giving rise to a lateral inflorescence 1-2 ft. high with red-blotched scape
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers numerous, scarlet, in a spherical head
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sheathed together at the base into a false stem, fully expanding after flowering
Ecology
In forest margin, secondary forest and in savanna woodland.

Doubtfully present in:

Oman

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Chagos Archipelago, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Trinidad-Tobago

Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [1871], Cameroon K000436735 No
Mar 1, 2006 Darbyshire, I. [312], Cameroon K000339031 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [4442], Zambia 10054.000 No
15602.000 No
Cox, J.K. [80], Ghana 15603.000 No
Dawkins, H.C. [869], Uganda 15604.000 No
17338.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [97], Tanzania 19086.000 No
Meikle, R.D. [1293], Nigeria 30495.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [7672], Tanzania 38424.000 No
Sierra Leone 42895.000 No
Hood, J.A. 42902.000 No
Myres [133], Zimbabwe 45587.000 No
45596.000 No
Barter, E. [1505], Nigeria K000366093 holotype Yes

First published in Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838).
  • in Fl. Ethiopia 6: 158 (1997).
  • ―Friis & Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 23: 64 (1976).
  • ―Nordal in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 4 (1982);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1986). Flore du Gabon 28: 1-60. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(1): 1-76. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Friis & Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 23: 64(1976).
  • Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838).

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