Scadoxus puniceus (L.) Friis & Nordal

First published in Norweg. J. Bot. 23: 64 (1976)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Ethiopia to S. Africa. It is a bulbous geophyte and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Herb up to 75 cm. tall, with rhizomatous bulb.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles forming a false stem 5–50 cm. long; leaf-blade lanceolate to ovate, acute to acuminate, basally attenuate; leaves often produced some time after anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape (15–) 20–40 (–75) cm. long; false stem and scape often spotted brown-red to dark violet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts intact and erect during anthesis, lanceolate to spathulate or rhombic, sometimes hastate, (2.5–)3–8.5 cm. long, (0.7–)1–3.5 (–4) cm. broad, red (in East Africa) to brown, violet or even green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence conical, ±(20–) 30–100-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–2.5(–3.5)cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth colour pink to scarlet, outside East Africa also yellow-green and greenish pink, segments often paler than filaments; perianth-tube cylindrical, 0.3–1.2 cm. long; segments erect to somewhat patent, linear, 1.3–2.7 cm. long, 0.7–2(–2.5) mm. broad, (1–)3(–5)-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments filiform, 1.5–3.5 cm. long at anthesis, anthers 1–3 mm. long, red or yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries 5–10 mm. in diameter.
Habitat
Montane forests, stream valleys or swamps on ground or epiphytic; 2000–2700 m. Outside East Africa also in drier vegetation types and at lower altitudes.
Distribution
T4 T7
[FTEA]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Bulbous herb up to 60 cm tall with a pseudostem 3–10 cm long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to ovate lanceolate, acute to almost obtuse, basally attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape up to 36 cm long; involucral bracts intact and erect at anthesis, lanceolate or obovate, ± hastate, 3.6–5.9(7.6) × 1.6–3.2(5.8) cm, reddish to brownish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence conical, (16)66–150 flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube 0.4–0.6 cm long; segments greenish to reddish, linear, 11–15 × 0.6–1 mm, erect, most often 1-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels (0.8)2–3(3.8) cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 1.4–2.1 cm long at anthesis; anthers 1–1.6(2.6) mm long, yellowish in colour.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries red, up to 1 cm in diameter.
Distribution
A heterogenous and widespread species with a disjunct distribution in southern Africa north to Ethiopia.
Ecology
Occurs in woodland and forest; 10–1400 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Moderately widespread; not threatened. Considered Data Deficient in Zimbabwe (Sabonet Red Data List 2002).
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0