Ravenea madagascariensis Becc.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & SE. Madagascar.

[PW]
Distribution
Central and E Madagascar: Manerinerina and Andasibe to Kalambatitra and Midongy.
General Description
Graceful palm. TRUNK 5-12 m, 16-22 cm diam., near crown 8-15 cm diam.; wood hard, with black fibrous layer just below the bark; base of trunk often thickened, the boss 10-60 cm high and 38-40 cm across, often with surface roots; trunk occasionally with remaining sheath bases in distal part; internodes 3.5-14 cm, brown or grey; nodal scars c. 2.5 cm; base of crown bulbous, 22-28 cm across. LEAVES 10-26 in the crown, sometimes with a few marcescent leaves; leaves porrect, straight in shuttlecock mode or less often slightly arching, often with the distal part held on edge; sheath 30-104 cm, the base 15-40 cm wide, dull brown with whitish brown to grey-brown tomentum, glabrescent, with fibrous edges, the fibres reflexed; petiole 20-80 cm, proximally 4.5-7 x 2-3.5 cm across, distally 3-4.5 x 1.5-2.5 cm across, adaxially channelled with sharp edges, with the same tomentum as the sheath, glabrescent; rachis 1.9-3 m, in mid-leaf 1.5-2.5 x 1.2-2 cm, keeled in the distal half, when young with whitish tomentum over green, but soon glabrescent; leaflets pale or rich green, occasionally slightly waxy, in one plane or at an angle of up to 45° with the rachis, 55-82 on each side of the rachis, the proximal 31-90 x 0.3-3.5 cm, the median 54-95 x 2.2-5.2 cm (interval 1.2-2.3 cm), the distal Nov-40 x 0.3-3.5 cm, often with the terminal pair partly joined, main veins 4-6, ramenta red- brown, large, abundant along the midrib abaxially but quickly caducous leaving few on the basal part, occasionally with some on the smaller veins, margins often uprolled. STAMINATE INFLORESCENCE interfoliar, multiple in 4s-9s, the innermost opening, the outermost often remaining in bud stage until abscising; individual inflorescences branching to 2 orders; peduncle 40-119 cm, proximally 06-Oct mm across, distally the same or slightly thinner, green, proximally with a dense grey-brown tomentum thinning out towards the distal end, but glabrescent; common prophyll 18-23 x 8.5 cm, tattering; peduncular bracts 26-33 cm, 53-57 cm, 120-158 cm (inserted at c. 30 cm from the base of the peduncle), 131-162 cm (inserted at c. 40 cm), densely pubescent abaxially, adaxially smooth, glabrous, red-brown; non-tubular peduncular bract 11-13.5 x 0.7-0.8 cm; rachis 37-63 cm, proximally tomentose but quickly glabrescent, with -16 30-46 branched first order branches and 0-36 unbranched ones, all branches porrect; proximal rachis bracts 01-Aug x 0.4-0.8 cm; first order branches glabrous, cream or green, with 01-Mar rachillae, at the base 03-Jun x 02-Apr mm; rachillae 3.5-20 cm, 1 mm across, sinuous in the distal part. STAMINATE FLOWERS dense, yellowish, sweetly scented; pedicel 0.3-2 mm; bracteole 0.6-0.7 x 0.3
Vernacular
Anivo, Anivokely, Anivona (general); Tovovoko (Ifanadiana).
Conservation
Rare. The species is fairly widespread, and in areas such as Ifanadiana it may be locally common. The only protected population is the one in Mantady National Park.
Biology
Moist to rather dry hill forest, on steep slopes or hill crests, occasionally on steep slopes in riverine forest; 25-1700 m.

[PW]
Use
Outer wood used in house walls and floors.

Native to:

Madagascar

Ravenea madagascariensis Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4450], Madagascar 29047.858 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4667], Madagascar 29047.865 No
Jan 1, 1995 Dransfield, J. [JD6431], Madagascar 53883.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4741], Madagascar 58853.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4666], Madagascar 58868.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Dransfield, J. [JD6430], Madagascar 59452.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4526], Madagascar 60431.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4435a], Madagascar 60434.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4527], Madagascar 60517.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4546], Madagascar 60644.000 No
Jan 1, 1995 Malcomber, S. [2448], Madagascar K000300498 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4741], Madagascar K000300503 No
Jan 1, 1995 Dransfield, J. [JD6430], Madagascar K000300504 No
Jan 1, 1995 Dransfield, J. [JD6431], Madagascar K000300505 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4527], Madagascar K000300509 No
Jan 1, 1995 Nicoll, M. [3442], Madagascar K000300514 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4526], Madagascar K000300515 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4450], Madagascar K000300511 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4666], Madagascar K000300516 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4435a], Madagascar K000300507 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4667], Madagascar K000300513 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H.J. [4546], Madagascar K000300510 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4723], Madagascar 29047.849 No
Jan 1, 1993 Dransfield, J. [JD6425], Madagascar K000300506 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4724], Madagascar K000300512 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4723], Madagascar K000300508 No
Jan 1, 1906 Hildebrandt, J.M. [4132], Madagascar K000697887 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1906 Hildebrandt, J.M. [4132], Madagascar K000697888 isotype Yes
Beentje, H.J. [4667], Madagascar 29047.854 No
Beentje, H.J. [4724], Madagascar 29047.857 No
Dransfield, J. [JD6430], Madagascar 53997.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4530], Madagascar 58835.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4723], Madagascar 58837.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4434], Madagascar 58851.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4435b], Madagascar 58854.000 No
Kyburz, Madagascar 59970.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4450], Madagascar 60500.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4434], Madagascar K000300499 No
Beentje, H.J. [4435b], Madagascar K000300500 No
Beentje, H.J. [4530], Madagascar K000300501 No
Kotozafy, A. [21], Madagascar K000300502 No
Britt, A. [AB34], Madagascar K000462669 No
Zona, S. [990], Madagascar K000209347 No
Rakotoarinivo, M. [208], Madagascar 76093.000 No
Ranantenainasoa, H [s.n.], Madagascar K000521718 No
Rakotoarinivo, M. [RMJ208], Madagascar K000462650 No

First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 87: 40 (1906)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0