Adenia hastata (Harv.) Schinz

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal.

[FZ]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous climber up to 4 m., arising from a tuberous rootstock.
Morphology Branches
Branches slender, greyish-green, striate, with internodes up to 5 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 1·5–10(14) × 1·5–10(13) cm., broadly ovate to ± hastate, apex obtuse to acute and with mucro up to 2 mm. long, margin entire, cordate to truncate at the base, membranous (herbaceous) to coriaceous, greyish-brown to blackish, often punctate, with 3–7 main nerves from the base, 1–2 pairs of nerves from the midrib and indistinct reticulation; petiole 0·5–5(10) cm. long.
Morphology General Glands
Glands at the lamina-base 1–2, 1–3(5) mm. in diameter, contiguous, borne on the ± semiorbicular or 2-lobed up to 4 mm. wide peltate lamina-base; lamina-glands 0–2(4), up to 5 mm. in diameter, at or near the apex.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules 1·5–2 mm. long, narrowly triangular, acute.
Morphology General Tendrils
Sterile tendrils up to 12 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes with peduncles 0·5–4(11) cm. long, up to 12-flowered in male, 1–3-flowered in female; bracts and bracteoles 1–3 mm. long, narrowly triangular; pedicels 2–10 mm. long in the male, 1–2 mm. long in the female.
sex Male
Male flower: (13)15–30 × (3)4–5 mm. (incl. the 2–6 mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium 2–3 × 3–6 mm., cup-shaped; calyx-tube (5)7–15 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4–7 mm. long, ovate to elliptic, densely fimbriate at the margin; petals 5–7(9) × 0·33–1 mm., linear-lanceolate, 1–3-nerved, entire to densely fimbriate, inserted (1)2–8 mm. above the corona; corona hairy, the hairs sometimes branched; stamen-filaments 3–7 mm. long, connate for 2·5 mm. at the base, inserted at the base of the hypanthium or on an androgynophore; anthers 4–7 × 1 mm., obtuse, with apiculum up to 0·33 mm. long; disk-glands 1–1·5 mm. long; vestigial ovary c. 1 mm. long, with gynophore up to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: (8)10–18 × 5–7(8) mm. (incl. the 0·5–2·5 mm. long stipe), campanulate-infundibuliform; hypanthium 1–2 mm. long; calyx-tube 3–6 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4–7 mm. long, ovate, crenulate-laciniate at the margin; petals 3–5(6) × 0·1–0·33(·5) mm., linear, acute, 1-nerved, entire to ± fimbriate, inserted 1·5–3 mm. above the corona; corona consisting of slender hairs 1–1·5 mm. long; disk-glands 0·33–0·75 mm. long; pistil 7–9 mm. long; gynophore 1–1·5 mm. long; ovary (2)2·5–4·5 × (1·5)2–4 mm., ellipsoid to subglobose; styles connate at the base, with the arms 1·5–2·5 mm. long and stigmas palmately branched, papillate. Male flower: (13)15–30 × (3)4–5 mm. (incl. the 2–6 mm. long stipe), tubular-infundibuliform; hypanthium 2–3 × 3–6 mm., cup-shaped; calyx-tube (5)7–15 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4–7 mm. long, ovate to elliptic, densely fimbriate at the margin; petals 5–7(9) × 0·33–1 mm., linear-lanceolate, 1–3-nerved, entire to densely fimbriate, inserted (1)2–8 mm. above the corona; corona hairy, the hairs sometimes branched; stamen-filaments 3–7 mm. long, connate for 2·5 mm. at the base, inserted at the base of the hypanthium or on an androgynophore; anthers 4–7 × 1 mm., obtuse, with apiculum up to 0·33 mm. long; disk-glands 1–1·5 mm. long; vestigial ovary c. 1 mm. long, with gynophore up to 1 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower: (8)10–18 × 5–7(8) mm. (incl. the 0·5–2·5 mm. long stipe), campanulate-infundibuliform; hypanthium 1–2 mm. long; calyx-tube 3–6 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4–7 mm. long, ovate, crenulate-laciniate at the margin; petals 3–5(6) × 0·1–0·33(·5) mm., linear, acute, 1-nerved, entire to ± fimbriate, inserted 1·5–3 mm. above the corona; corona consisting of slender hairs 1–1·5 mm. long; disk-glands 0·33–0·75 mm. long; pistil 7–9 mm. long; gynophore 1–1·5 mm. long; ovary (2)2·5–4·5 × (1·5)2–4 mm., ellipsoid to subglobose; styles connate at the base, with the arms 1·5–2·5 mm. long and stigmas palmately branched, papillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2–3·5(6) cm. in diameter, subglobose, with coriaceous pericarp, 5–25-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 7(8) × 5·5–6·5 × 3 mm., ovoid to ellipsoid, pitted.

Native to:

KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

Adenia hastata (Harv.) Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33: 3 (1892)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0