Adenia mannii (Mast.) Engl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Sierra Leone to Uganda.

[FWTA]

Passifloraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A glabrous climber
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Pale green flowers.

[FTEA]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Slender climber to 5 m., glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades pale green, not punctate beneath, entire, elliptic to oblong or oblong-lanceolate, base acute to sub-cordate, top obtuse to acute, up to 1.5 cm. acuminate, 4–17 by 2–7(–8) cm., ± penninerved, sometimes with stronger nerves from near base, margin entire; petiole 0.5–2.5 cm.
Morphology General Glands
Glands at blade-base 2, on 2 ± hollowed auricles 1.5–3 mm. in diameter lateral at the top of the petiole; blade-glands scattered or submarginal, (0–)1–8 at either side.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules narrowly triangular, ± 0.5 mm., withering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences peduncled for up to 12 cm., up to 30-flowered in male, up to 10-flowered in female; tendrils (0–)1 or 3, 0.5–15 cm.; sterile tendrils up to 20 cm.
sex Male
Male flowers tubiform, including the 0.5–3 mm. long stipe 15–23 mm.; hypanthium broadly cup-shaped, ± 5-saccate, 1.5–2.5 by 5–8 mm.; calyx-tube 8–12 mm.; calyx-lobes ± elongate-triangular, subobtuse to acute, subentire, 4–10(–12) mm.; petals linear to oblong, or spathulate or long-clawed, obtuse, 6.5–12 mm., (1–)3-nerved, fimbriate, inserted at the same level as the corona; filaments 4–7 mm., connate for up to 1–5 mm., inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers 5–6 mm., subobtuse, sometimes shortly apiculate; septa up to 1.5 mm. high; corona composed of fine threads 1–2 mm.; disk glands 1–1.5(–2) mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers tubiform, including the 0–0.5 mm. long stipe 13–24 mm.; hypanthium broadly cup-shaped, ± 2 by (5–)7–9 mm.; calyx-tube 6–15 mm., calyx-lobes 5–7.5 mm.; petals linear, subacute, 4–10 mm., 1-nerved, entire, inserted at the same level as the corona; staminodes 3.5–7 mm.; septa up to 0.5 mm. high; corona threads fine, 1–2 mm.; disk glands 1–1.5(–2) mm.; gynophore ± 0.5 mm.; ovary ovoid-fusiform, 6–8 mm., ± 3-angular; styles connate for 0.2–2.5 mm., style arms 1.5–2.5 mm.; stigmas lacerate, woolly-papillate, each 3–4 mm. in diameter. Male flowers tubiform, including the 0.5–3 mm. long stipe 15–23 mm.; hypanthium broadly cup-shaped, ± 5-saccate, 1.5–2.5 by 5–8 mm.; calyx-tube 8–12 mm.; calyx-lobes ± elongate-triangular, subobtuse to acute, subentire, 4–10(–12) mm.; petals linear to oblong, or spathulate or long-clawed, obtuse, 6.5–12 mm., (1–)3-nerved, fimbriate, inserted at the same level as the corona; filaments 4–7 mm., connate for up to 1–5 mm., inserted at the base of the hypanthium; anthers 5–6 mm., subobtuse, sometimes shortly apiculate; septa up to 1.5 mm. high; corona composed of fine threads 1–2 mm.; disk glands 1–1.5(–2) mm.
sex Female
Female flowers tubiform, including the 0–0.5 mm. long stipe 13–24 mm.; hypanthium broadly cup-shaped, ± 2 by (5–)7–9 mm.; calyx-tube 6–15 mm., calyx-lobes 5–7.5 mm.; petals linear, subacute, 4–10 mm., 1-nerved, entire, inserted at the same level as the corona; staminodes 3.5–7 mm.; septa up to 0.5 mm. high; corona threads fine, 1–2 mm.; disk glands 1–1.5(–2) mm.; gynophore ± 0.5 mm.; ovary ovoid-fusiform, 6–8 mm., ± 3-angular; styles connate for 0.2–2.5 mm., style arms 1.5–2.5 mm.; stigmas lacerate, woolly-papillate, each 3–4 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1–6 per inflorescence, broadly fusiform, up to 2 mm. beaked, (3- or)6-angular, excluding the ± 1 mm. long gynophore 2.5–3(–3.5) by 1.5–2 cm.; pericarp woody-coriaceous, 1–2 mm. thick.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 20–30 per capsule, ovoid-oblong, 5–6(–7) mm.
Habitat
Primary and secondary forest; 1050–1150 m.
Distribution
U4 W. and equatorial Africa, from Sierra Leone east to Uganda, south to Zaire

[FWTA]

Passifloraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A slender glabrous twiner.

[FWTA]

Passifloraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A dioecious glabrous climber
Morphology General Tendrils
Long fine tendrils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Greenish flowers.

Native to:

Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Uganda

Adenia mannii (Mast.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2711], Cameroon K000027167 No
Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [2444], Cameroon K000027173 No
Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [10150], Cameroon K000027169 No
Jul 1, 2002 Lane, P. [431], Cameroon K000027171 No
Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2739], Cameroon K000027170 No
Jul 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2705], Cameroon K000027175 No
Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [774], Cameroon K000027174 No
Jul 1, 2002 Cable, S. [800], Cameroon K000027172 No
Jul 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [10141], Cameroon K000027168 No
Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [65b], Cameroon K000381593 No
Jan 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [11], Cameroon K000381594 No
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [6098], Cameroon K000050384 No
Nov 1, 1968 Whyte [s.n.], Liberia K000272503 Yes
Nov 1, 1968 Mann G. [17], Cameroon K000055038 Unknown type material No
Nov 1, 1968 Daramola, B. O. [FHI 29837], Cameroon K000050385 No
Nov 1, 1968 Mann, G. [17], Cameroon K000050383 Yes

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 14: 375 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.
  • van der Burg, W.J. (2014). Passifloraceae Flore du Gabon 46: 54-94. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bot. Jahrb. 14: 375 (1891).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2) : 603 (1921).
  • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 14 : 375 (1891)
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1 : 202 (1954).
  • de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 71–18 : 144, fig. 21, 22 (1971).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0