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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to South Sudan and N. Angola.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Extensive liane or herbaceous climber 2–2.5 m. long, woody at the base; stems often violet-purple or yellowish, thick, ± fleshy, cylindrical, 3–5 mm. in diameter, glabrous or glabrescent except sometimes (? not in East Africa) laxly reddish pilose at the nodes and a tuft within the axils of the stipules, sometimes with densely scattered black points; the lower stems can be up to 7.5 cm. in diameter and ridged and angular when dry; tendrils simple or bifid, glabrous or glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–9-foliolate; leaflets somewhat fleshy, the median one narrowly oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, 3.5–18(–25) cm. long, 1.5–8 cm. wide, narrowly long decurrent into the petiolule, the laterals asymmetrically oblong-elliptic, ovate-oblong or ± elliptic, glabrous except for a few hairs at base of the midrib beneath, dentate, the teeth red, subulate or short and thick; petiole 1.5–15 cm. long, glabrous or glabrescent; petiolules 0–2.5 cm. long; stipules ovate-elliptic, oblong or ± falcate, 2–8 mm. long, 1.5–4 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, ± cordate at the base, sometimes slightly peltate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in compound cymes 4–10 cm. long, made up of umbelliform cymules; peduncle 1.5–3 cm. long, glabrescent or laxly pubescent; pedicels 4–7(–10) mm. long, lengthening to 1.5 cm. in fruit, glabrous to golden pilose or scurfy; bracts and bracteoles triangular, 1–1.5 mm. long, glabrous or glabrescent. Flowers 3.5–5 mm. long; corolla glabrous but finely papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupuliform, 1 mm. tall, glabrous to densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually red outside, greenish white or cream inside or sometimes entirely so, narrowly triangular, 3 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits blue-purple, oblong-ovoid, 0.8–3 cm. long, 0.8–2 cm. wide, glabrous, edible.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong up to 1.5 cm. long, 7–8 mm. wide, 4 mm. thick, strongly laterally compressed; basal projection short; median keel thick; surface smooth.

[FZ]

Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Liane; stems cylindric, somewhat succulent, constricted at the nodes, glabrous; tendrils 2-fid, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves digitate, glabrous; petiole 4–15 cm. long, glabrous; leaflet-lamina up to 18 × 5·8 cm., elliptic to oblanceolate, shortly caudate to acute at the apex, margin serrate, attenuate at the base into a petiolule, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules up to 8 × 4 mm., falcate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes up to 10 cm. long; peduncle 2–3 cm. long, pubescent to glabrescent; pedicels 4 mm. long lengthening to 15 mm. in fruit, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-bud 4–5 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 3 × 2 cm., ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, 1·5 × 8 cm., smooth with a dorsal crest.

[FWTA]

Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A lofty climber, woody at the base; with stout succulent terete stems constricted at the nodes, and sometimes subsucculent leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish or whitish, comparatively large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits reddish, turning blue-purple.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Cissus aralioides (Welw. ex Baker) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13623], Cameroon K000580129
Jan 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11131], Cameroon K000380174
Oct 1, 2003 Ghogue, J.-P. [50], Cameroon K000197553
Oct 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [8886], Cameroon K000197558
Oct 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [123], Cameroon K000197559
Oct 1, 2003 Cable, S. [909], Cameroon K000197557
Oct 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [183], Cameroon K000197556
Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1427], Cameroon K000197552
Oct 1, 2003 Elad, M. [112], Cameroon K000197555
Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4495], Cameroon K000197554
Milne-Redhead, E. [4664], Zambia 16445.000
Deighton, F.C. [4757], Sierra Leone 16446.000
Welwitsch [1484], Angola K000322825
Johnston, H. [84], Sierra Leone K000322783
Barter, C., Niger K000322782

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 513 (1887)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 485.
  • in DC. Monogr. Ampelid. 513 (1887)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 88, t.30 (1972).
  • Descoings in Fl. Gabon 14: 81 (1968)
  • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 547, fig. 13/c (1960).
  • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 54 (1954).
  • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46:485 (1912).
  • Hiern, Cat Afr. Pl. Welw. 1:160 (1896).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 679 (1958).
  • Lavie, Vitacées Ouest afric., Esp. sénégal.: 48, t. 6 (1990).
  • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5:513 (1887).
  • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 262 (1953).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0