Passiflora ligularis Juss.

First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 6: 113 (1805)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Panama to Venezuela and Peru. It is a climbing shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1000–3000 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Climbing.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Granadilla, Parchita amarilla
[UPFC]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stout herbaceous glabrous plant, climbing by tendrils.
Morphology Stem
Stems terete, greyish, grooved; internodes up to 8 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 8–17 × 6–13 cm., broadly ovate, abruptly acuminate at apex, entire-margined, deeply cordate at the base, penninerved, membranous, dark green above, paler beneath; petiole 4–10 cm. long, bearing 4–6 scattered, liguliform or filiform glands, 3–10 mm. long; stipules 1–2·5 × 0·8–1·2 cm., ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, entire or serrulate, narrowed at the base.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils stout and long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 2–4 cm. long, solitary or geminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2–3·5 × 1–1·5 cm., connate along 1/5–1/3 of their length, the free parts ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute, entire, glabrous but tomentose near the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 6–9 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2·5–3·5 × 1–1·5 cm., acute, green outside, white inside. Calyx-tube short, campanulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 3 × 0·8–1 cm., oblong, white or pinkish-white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona in 5–7 rows, the filaments of the 2 outer ones as long as the petals, radiate, blue at apex, banded with white and reddish-purple below, the inner rows approximate, the filaments c. 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Operculum
Operculum membranous, slightly incurved, denticulate, white and reddish-purple at margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Limen
Limen cupuliform, surrounding the base of the gynophore.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6–8 × 4–5 cm., ovoid, yellowish or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 6 × 4 mm., narrowly obcordate, minutely tridentate at the apex, with the faces irregularly reticulate.
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
desjarretadera, granadilla, granadillo, guampana
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1000 - 3000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 1000 - 3000 m.
Morphology General Habit
Climbing plant.
Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Native and cultivated in Colombia.
[UPB]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Use Food
Infructescences - Edible fruit, can be eaten raw (Romero Castañeda 1961).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Common Names

English
Sweet Granadilla
Spanish
Granadilla, parchita amarilla.

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/