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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Cissus cf. cornifolia (Baker) Planch.

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Erect or semi-scandent shrub or treelet (0.2–)0.6–2.1 m. tall from a large tuberous fire-resistant rootstock; stems cylindrical with ± swollen nodes, ferruginous-tomentose, sparsely hairy or glabrescent, later woody with green ridged bark and glabrous; tendrils usually absent, if present simple, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, oblong, elliptic, ovate, narrowly elliptic, ovate-lanceolate or ± lanceolate, 2–9.5 cm. long, 1.5–5 cm. wide, obtusely angled to apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, not lobed but denticulate at margins with adpressed teeth, whitish or ferruginous hairy, velvety at first, always very densely so on very young leaves but later sparse on the faces but ± dense on venation beneath; at length sometimes ± entirely glabrous; petiole 2–12 mm. long, ± densely pilose; stipules semicircular to ovate, 2–5.5 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide, rounded at apex, cordate at the base, glabrous except for ciliolate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually appearing well before the leaves or sometimes when the leaves are not fully developed, in umbel-like clusters arranged in leaf-opposed cymes 2–10 cm. long, mostly on the woody branches; peduncle 0.5–7 cm. long; axes glabrescent, sparsely hairy or densely ferruginous; pedicels 1–5 mm. long, glabrous; bracts ovate-triangular, ± 2 mm. long, obtuse, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0.7–1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals green, yellow or greenish cream, triangular, 1.8–2.2 mm. long, obtuse, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits red, reddish purple or purplish black, ovoid or oblong-ovoid, 1–1.5 cm. long, 6–8 mm. wide, glabrous, 1-seeded, edible.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, compressed, 8–11 mm. long, 5–6.5 mm. wide, 4–5 mm. thick; basal projection short; median ridge narrow, sinuous; lateral lines clear; testa smooth.
Figures
Fig. 8.
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland, Commiphora-Acacia-Euphorbia thicket, Acacia-Strophanthus-Royena thicket, scattered-tree grassland and grassland; often on granite outcrops, sometimes on black soil and occasionally persisting in cultivations; 150–1525(1– 800) m.
Distribution
K4 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3

[FZ]

Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Erect or sometimes semiscandent shrub; stern and branches cylindric; young shoots often ferruginous-tomentose becoming glabrescent when adult, but sometimes almost glabrous; tendrils occasionally present.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, appearing after the flowers; petiole 2–7 mm. long; leaf-lamina up to 7·8 × 5 cm., narrowly elliptic to elliptic, acute to obtuse at the apex, dentate at the margin, cuneate, rounded or occasionally cordate at the base; stipules 2–5 × 2–3 mm., oblong to triangular, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes leaf-opposed; peduncle 4–9 cm. long, pubescent to glabrescent; pedicels 2 mm. long, lengthening to 5 mm. in fruit, glabrous; bracts and bracteoles up to 2 mm. long, pubescent to glabrous.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-bud 2 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous; style 0·5 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit purple-black, 10 × 8 mm., ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, 9 × 5 mm., smooth with dorsal crest.

[FWTA]

Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits black-purple.
Morphology General Habit
A savannah plant with a woody base sending up erect or suberect shoots each year after the fires
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-yellow, appearing first on leafless shoots

Native to:

Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [5025], Nigeria 11529.000
Meikle, R.D. [825], Nigeria 15537.000
Barter [1072], Guinea K000322786
Speke [658] K000322800 syntype
Volkens [1672] K000322801 isotype
Petherick K000322813
Rogers, F.A. [19288], South Africa K000322849 isosyntype
Rogers, F.A. [1], South Africa K000322850 syntype
Rogers, F.A. [22963], South Africa K000322851 isosyntype
Rogers, F.A. [19309], South Africa K000322853 Unknown type material
Patel, H. [8001], Mozambique K000614330
Ekman, E.L. [6710], Haiti K000601760 Unknown type material
Rogers, F.A. [19384], South Africa K000322852 isosyntype

First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 492 (1887)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 480.
  • in DC. Monogr. Ampelid. 492 (1887)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 130, t. 47 (1972).
  • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 518 (1960).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 308 (1952).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 230 (1962).
  • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 480 (1912).
  • Gilg & R.E. Fries in R.E. Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1: 134 (1914).
  • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 112 (1964).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 27 (1949).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 679 (1958).
  • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 492 (1887).
  • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 261 (1953).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 405, fig. 119.4 (1990).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 62 (1980)
  • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 456 (1966).
  • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 24 (1969).
  • Wild, Guide Fl. Vict. Falls: 151 (1953).
  • Williamson, Useful Pl. Nyasal.: 35 (1955).

Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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Plants and People Africa
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