Genus:
Piper L.

Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

[FWTA]

Piperaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A climber, 30–40 ft. long, on trees
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red or red-brown when ripe, black when dry.

[FTEA]

Piperaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Dioecious usually ± glabrous liane, 4–20(–23) m. tall, climbing into trees by means of adventitious roots near the nodes; stems glabrous or rarely pubescent; older stems with corky ridges.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, very variable according to position, round to elliptic, ovate or lanceolate, 4.5–20.5 cm. long, 2–13 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, rounded to cordate at the base or cuneate, pubescent on nerves beneath or entirely glabrous, rarely pubescent all over; petiole 0.5–4 cm. long; nervation variable, the nerves palmate from at or near base, and usually additional pinnate ones.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow or yellow-green in terminal or lateral leaf-opposed spikes, 2–3 cm. long, attaining 4–10 cm. (rarely more) in fruit; peduncle glabrous or slightly pubescent, 0.5–1(–2.5) cm. long; bracts round or obovate, peltate, ± 1 mm. in diameter, ciliate at margin, pubescent beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2(–3).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid; stigmas 3–5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits mostly red or reddish brown but also orange or yellow to buff, globose to obovoid, 3–6 mm. in diameter on pedicels 0.5–1 cm. long.
Habitat
Evergreen forest and forest edges, usually in wet places, gallery forest along rocky rivers; 750–1650 m.
Distribution
Mali and Guinea Bissau to Angola, Zaire, Zambia and Sudan K5 T1 T4 U2 U4

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Piper guineense Schumach. & Thonn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2008 Onana, J.-M. [3601], Cameroon K000580040 No
Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [1895], Cameroon K000461038 No
Mar 1, 2006 Etuge, M. [5152], Cameroon K000339020 No
Mar 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11106], Cameroon K000339021 No
Jan 1, 2003 Wheatley, J.I. [423], Cameroon K000180279 No
Jan 1, 2003 Lane, P. [299], Cameroon K000180218 No
Jan 1, 2003 Groves, M. [27], Cameroon K000180219 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kenfack, D. [305], Cameroon K000180225 No
Jan 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2605], Cameroon K000180224 No
Jan 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4298], Cameroon K000180226 No
Jan 1, 2003 Cable, S. [3242], Cameroon K000180230 No
Jan 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2762], Cameroon K000180232 No
Jan 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4667], Cameroon K000180221 No
Jan 1, 1994 Akogo, M. [24], Cameroon K000381423 No
Jan 1, 1994 Harris, D.J. [3850], Cameroon K000381421 No
Jan 1, 1994 Ndam, N. [722], Cameroon K000381422 No
Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [235], Cameroon K000180070 No
May 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14843], Cameroon K000180072 No
Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14844], Cameroon K000180073 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [4487], Zambia 18140.000 No
Vogel, T. [97], Sierra Leone K000350307 Unknown type material Yes
Etuge, M. [4151], Cameroon K000180228 No
Thompson, S.A. [1367], Cameroon K000180069 No
Cheek, M. [7513], Cameroon K000180194 No
Etuge, M. [1403], Cameroon K000180195 No
Preuss, P.R. [417], Cameroon K000180074 No
Ghogue, J.-P. [485], Cameroon K000180223 No
illegible [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000350306 Yes

First published in Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 19 (1827)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (1997). Flora Zambesiaca 9(2): 1-64. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2017). Flore du Gabon 50: 1-77. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Piperaceae: 1-24.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 139.
  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 145

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 3, fig. 2A–D (1915).
  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 48 (1994).
  • Baker & C.H. Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 145 (1909).
  • Balle in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 16: 375, t. 16 (1942) (much extra synonymy and information)
  • Balle in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 17 (1948).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 66 (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr., reprint: 22 (1992).
  • C. DC. in DC., Prodr. 16(1): 343 (1869).
  • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 177 (1911).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 26, fig. 20 (1950).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 19 (1962).
  • Hepper, W. Afr. Herb. Isert & Thonning: 103 (1976).
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 912 (1900).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 84 (1954).
  • Thonn. in Schumach., Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 19 (1827).
  • Thonner, Fl. Pl. Afr.: 161, t. 27 (1915).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

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    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0