Family:
Vitaceae Juss.

Cyphostemma setosum (Roxb.) Alston

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa, India, Sri Lanka.

[FZ]

Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate herb; stems striate, sparsely pubescent and with capitate glandular hairs; tendrils present.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3(5)-foliolate; sessile or subsessile; leaflet-lamina up to 5 × 3 cm. (in median leaflet, lateral leaflets less than 1/2 the size of the terminal), narrowly obovate to obovate, apex obtuse or acute, margin irregularly serrate-crenate with glandular serrations, base cuneate, sparsely pilose or glabrescent above with capitate-glandular hairs, sparsely pilose and capitate-glandular especially on the nerves below; petiolules up to 1 cm. long on the median leaflet; stipules up to c. 1 cm. long, lanceolate, sparsely pubescent, margins usually glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on short side-branches, lax, trichotomous; peduncle up to 3 cm. long, indumentum as for stems; pedicels up to 5 mm. long, pubescent and with capitate-glandular hairs; bracts and bracteoles c. 2 mm. long, linear, pubescent.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-bud c. 2·5 mm. long, oblong-cylindric, constricted near the middle, pilose or glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0·5 mm. long, subentire, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous or with a few glands; style c. 1·5 mm. long; stigma indistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (immature) ellipsoid, glabrous or with a few glands.

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate herb from a tuberous rootstock; stems tinged reddish, striate, sparsely pubescent and with red gland-tipped bristly hairs; tendrils present or ± or entirely absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1–)3(–5)-foliolate, usually sessile or almost so; leaflets elliptic or narrowly obovate to obovate, 1.3–5(–10) cm. long, 0.9–3(–7.5) cm. wide, in Africa the lateral leaflets often half the size of or very much smaller than the median one, obtuse to acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, serrate-crenate, the teeth glandular, sparsely pilose and with gland-tipped hairs especially on the venation beneath; petioles 0–5 mm. long (to 3 cm. in one Indian specimen); petiolules up to 1 cm. long; stipules red, lanceolate, 0.5–1 cm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, sparsely pubescent and margins usually glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal on short side-branches, lax, trichotomous; peduncle 1.5–3 cm. long, with same indumentum as the stems; pedicels 2–3 mm. long, pubescent and with gland-tipped hairs; bracts and bracteoles linear, 2 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower buds white or yellow, oblong-cylindric, 2.5 mm. long, constricted near the middle, pilose or glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx red, 0.5 mm. long, ± entire, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red (fide Gamble and Wight & Arnott), ellipsoid, 7–9 mm. long, 5 mm. wide, glabrous or with few glands in Africa but densely covered with gland-tipped hairs in India.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed subglobose-ovoid, 6 mm. long, 4 mm. wide; ventral median ridge very strong, dorsal ridges less strong, rugose; transverse ridges mostly few but ± evident (see note).
Habitat
Brachystegia and Julbernardia, Pterocarpus, Erythrophloeum woodland; 300–990 m.
Distribution
T6 T8

Native to:

India, Malawi, Mozambique, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Zambia

Cyphostemma setosum (Roxb.) Alston appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1961 Wight [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000736391 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6009] Vitis setosa K001122795 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6009] Vitis setosa K001122794 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6009] Vitis setosa K001122797 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6009] Vitis setosa K001122796 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [8510], Tanzania Cissus psammophila 3202.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8144 B], Tanzania Cissus psammophila 3203.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8144], Tanzania Cissus psammophila 3204.000 No

First published in H.Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 53 (1931)

Accepted by

  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6, Suppl.: 53 (1931).
  • Descoings in Not. Syst., Paris, 16: 119 (1960).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 62 (1980).
  • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 476 (1966).
  • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 38 (1969).

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images