Genus:
Plantago L.

Plantago amplexicaulis Cav.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, S. Spain, S. Italy, N. Africa to Sahara, E. Medit. to S. Iran and Arabian Peninsula.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials (annuals in Iraq), 4–15(–30) cm tall, acaulous, or mostly with a short and conspicuous stem, erect or oblique and arcuate, glabrescent or pilose; root system usually dense Plant when dry becoming dark green especially leaves and bracts
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or spirally inserted, 2–12 × 0.3–1.2 cm, narrowly lanceolate, finely acuminate, entire or very sparsely toothed, tapering and sub-petiolate into a wider sheathing base, glabrescent or pilose, margins usually ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle erect, straight or a little arcuate, equal to or usually longer than leaves, 5–15(–25) cm long, pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spike ovate-globular or oblong, 1–2.5(–3.5) cm; bracts usually concave, orbicular-ovate, 4.5–5.5 mm, glabrous
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lateral lamina broad-scarious, midrib herbaceous, narrow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals broadly ovate to ovate, glabrous or hirsute-villous on midrib (in ours), anterior sepals larger and with a broader more herbaceous midrib than posterior sepal, midrib of posterior sepal two-thirds the length of lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla glabrous, lobes ovate-elliptic, acute, 3.2–3.7 mm, cymbiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 1–2-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, smooth.
Distribution
Canary Islands, Morocco, Algeria, Greece, Egypt, Syria to Iran and Afghanistan.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Canary Is., Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen

Plantago amplexicaulis Cav. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Icon. 2: 22 (1793)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae. Candollea 47: 397-481.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Patzak, A. & Rechinger, K.H. (1965). Flora Iranica 15: 1-23. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 883 (1879);
  • Boulos, Fl. Egypt 3: 117 (2002).
  • Cav. Icon. et Descr. Pl. Hisp. 2: 22 (1793);
  • Chalabi Ka’bi in Bull. Iraq Nat. Hist. Mus. 1 (2): 13 (1961);
  • Hook f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 706 (1885);
  • Kazmi in Fl. Pak. 62: 10 (1974);
  • Nabělek in Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk 105: 5 (1929);
  • Patzak & Rech.f. in Fl. Iranica 15: 11 (1965);
  • Pilger in Engl., Pflanzenr. 102 (IV. 269): 310 (1937);
  • Rech.f., Fl. Lowland Iraq: 556 (1964);
  • Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 142 (1818);
  • Tutel in Fl. Turk. 7: 511 (1982);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Daoud, H.S. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Flora of Kuwait 1: 1-224. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Patzak, A. & Rechinger, K.H. (1965). Flora Iranica 15: 1-23. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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