Acantholimon oliveri (Jaub. & Spach) Boiss.

First published in Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 80 (1846)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is N. Iraq to W. Iran. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Loosely caespitose glaucescent shrublet, finely mottled, branches long, leafless in their lower parts
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear, narrow, slightly triangular in transverse section, up to 35 × 1 mm, slightly prickly; lower leaves shorter and wider than upper ones, usually recurved; upper leaves vertical-divergent, margins finely serrulate, broader towards base forming a sheath with scarious margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape short, thin, glabrous or slightly puberulent, with scattered calcareous glands; spike lax, simple; rachis straight, few-flowered, slightly curved between one flower and the other; spikelets 1-flowered, with 3 bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Outer bract glabrous, green at base, dorsal surface pale yellow, narrowly whitish-margined, attenuate into a mucro, projecting from inner bracts and exceeding calyx tube; inner bracts oblong, veins green, apex short mucronate, glabrous or puberulent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx funnel-shaped, tube greenish, finely and densely pilose, limb three quarters of length of tube, pale brownish pink, veins greenish, pilose at base, turning the same colour as limb upwards, calyx limb slightly folded, almost truncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bright pink, with a short claw
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments compressed, adhering to lower part of petals including the claw
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary bottle-shaped, prolonged into a long pentagonal neck; styles filiform, smooth, stigmas capitate.
Ecology
Among Quercus on dry slopes; alt.: ± 1250 m
Phenology
Jun.
Distribution
Upper forest zone; very rare. W Iran.
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Flora of Iraq

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0