Plumbago zeylanica L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 151 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropics & Subtropics. It is a scrambling shrub and grows primarly in the seasonally dry tropical biome(s). It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 300 - 2350 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Plumbaginaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Creeping herb, scandent or semi-scandent shrub, laxly branched, 0.3–2.2 m. high.
Morphology Stem
Stems wiry, tough, usually woody, glabrous, often with white waxy dots, bearing prominent longitudinal ridges spaced 1–2 per mm.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic or oblong, rarely obovate, broad or narrow, 2.5–13 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, acute, acuminate or mucronate, base always cuneate, glabrous, often with white waxy dots on under surfaces; petiole 2–12 mm. long, base amplexicaul, sometimes auriculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles bearing prominent often dense sessile glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers scented; pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracts ovate, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 2–8 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, prominently ribbed, bearing abundant evenly distributed stalked glands; stalks stout, rigid, straight, 1–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-teeth up to 1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white; tube 17–26 mm.; lobes obovate, 6–9(–11) mm. long, 3–5 mm. broad, acute, with shortly excurrent central nerve.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, 6 mm. long, 2 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 3/1, p. 7.
Habitat
Deciduous woodland, grassland and scrub, often by rivers and on lake margins; 0–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 throughout the tropics and subtropics
[FTEA]

Plumbaginaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Climbing shrub about 3 ft. high, viscid above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, 3/4 in. long
Ecology
In thickets and near villages.
[FWTA]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Creeper.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 300 - 2350 m.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
[UPB]

Plumbaginaceae, A. R. Vickery. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Creeping herb, scandent or semi–scandent shrub, often much branched, to 2·5 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems striate, wiry, usually woody.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf–blades ovate, ovate–lanceolate, elliptic or oblong, rarely obovate, 2·5–13 cm. long, 1–6 cm. wide, acute, acuminate or mucronate, base cuneate, glabrous, often with white waxy dots on lower surface.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 2–12 mm. long, amplexicaul at base, occasionally auriculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweetly scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles bearing prominent sessile glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts ovate, ovate–lanceolate or lanceolate, 2–8 mm. long, 1·5–2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth up to 1·5 mm. long. Calyx 10–12 mm. long, prominently ribbed, bearing abundant stiff–stalked glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, sometimes with blue flush at base of lobes, drying pale orange; tube 17–26 mm. long, lobes obovate, 6–10 mm. long, 3–5 mm. broad, acute, with shortly excurrent central nerve.
[FZ]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Caribbean. Elevation range: 300–2350 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Climbing.
Vernacular
Bella emilia, Centella, Pegosa
[UPFC]

Uses

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
White plumbago, Wild plumbago
Spanish
Bella Emilia, pegosa, centella.

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/