Genus:
Securidaca L.

Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FZ]

Polygalaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Small tree up to about 6 m. or shrub, sometimes spiny; stems usually pubescent at first, becoming glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; lamina 1–5 x 0.5–1.8 cm., very variable in size and shape, from broadly oblong to very narrowly elliptic, usually minutely pubescent when young, soon becoming glabrous; petiole up to 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or purple sometimes variegated with white, sweet-scented, pedicels up to 14 mm. long, pubescent, in terminal or lateral racemes, 3–5 cm. long, often borne on short shoots which become spiny, with minute, deciduous bracts and bracteoles and pubescent rhachis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Posterior sepal up to 5 x 4 mm. ovate-acuminate, with ciliate margins; wing sepals 5–11 x 4–9 mm., suborbicular, nearly glabrous; anterior sepals up to 5 x 4.5 mm., broadly ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals up to 7.5 x 3.5 mm., narrowly elliptic, ciliate at the base; carina up to 10 mm. long with a small lobed appendage about 1 mm. long near the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal sheath ciliate on the upper margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3–5 x 0.8–2 cm., with an oblong or elliptic somewhat obliquely curved wing, sometimes with a second rudimentary wing. Nut containing the seed 8–10 mm. in diam., rugulose or smooth.

[FWTA]

Polygalaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 20 ft. high
Morphology General Bark
Pale bark
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers purple, fragrant
Ecology
Widespread in savannah vegetation.

[FTEA]

Polygalaceae, Jorge Paiva. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2007

Type
Type: Ethiopia, without locality, Rüppel 40 (FR!, lecto. & isolecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Small tree or shrub up to 6 m tall.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets softly pubescent, becoming glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, oblong-ovate, oblong-elliptic to linear-lanceolate, (1–)2.5–5.5(–9) × 0.5–2(–2.5) cm, coriaceous, obtuse to rounded, base cuneate; upper surface glabrous or slightly pubescent below; petiole 2–10 mm, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or purple, sometimes variegated with white, sweet-scented, in axillary or terminal racemes 3–15 cm long, often borne on short shoots which become spiny, many-flowered; peduncle and rachis pubescent; bracts and bracteoles soon caducous; pedicels 10–18(–20) mm, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Posterior sepal ovate, 4–6 × 3–5 mm, ciliate; wing-sepals suborbicular, (3–)5–9.5 mm in diameter; anterior sepals suborbicular to broadly ovate, 2.5–4.5 mm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petals narrowly elliptic or oblong-obovate, 5–7.5 × 2.5–4 mm, ciliate towards the base; carina 8–10 × 5 mm, with a small lobed appendage, 1 mm long, near the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal sheath 6–7 mm long, ciliate on the upper margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–7 × 1–2 cm, with an oblong-elliptic somewhat obliquely curved wing, with a second imperfect and rudimentary wing; nut subglobose, 8–10 mm in diameter, rugulose or smooth
Figures
Fig 2, p 5
Ecology
Wooded and bushed grassland, scattered tree grassland, open forest or woodland, secondary bushland; 0–1700 m
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Range: Widespread in tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia, to Namibia and South Africa

[FTEA]
Use
In Tanzania the root is used against roundworm, to expel intestinal parasites in children and as cathartic against constipation. Sometimes grown as an ornamental.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 11, 2010 Banze, A. [74], Mozambique K000546038 No
Jan 1, 1957 Miller, O.B. [B150], Zambia K000315264 No
Binuyo, A. [36915], Nigeria 21825.000 No
Hansen, O.J. [3255], Botswana K000315261 No
Reyneke, J.L. [427], Botswana K000315262 Yes
Codd, L.E. [7567], Zambia K000315263 No
Yalala, A.M. [386], Botswana K000283269 No
Schimper [771], Ethiopia K000012846 isotype Yes
Timberlake, J. [4953], Mozambique K000545303 No
Patel, H. [s.n.], Mozambique K000614360 No
Schimper [771], Ethiopia K000012845 isotype Yes
Smith, P.A. [2877], Botswana K000315266 No
Miller, O.B. [s.n.], Botswana K000315265 No

First published in Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 275 (1837)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 273.
  • —F.T.A. 1: 134

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Paiva, j. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Polygalaceae: 1-60.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.Z. 1(1): 305, t. 55/A (1960)
  • Fl. Eth. 2, 1: 177, t. 24, 1 (2000).
  • K.T.S.L.: 86, fig., map (1994)
  • Keay, F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 1: 110 (1954)
  • Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8(3): 219 (1953)
  • Mus. Senckenb. 2: 275 (1837)
  • Oliv., F.T.A. 1: 134 (1868)
  • Petit, F.C.B. 7: 280 (1958)
  • S. Afr. J. Bot. 53(1): 5/1B & fig. 2 (1987)
  • T.T.C.L.: 457 (1949)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0