Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L.

First published in Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1007 (1759)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Florida to Peru, Caribbean to N. South America. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
SEA-GRAPE
Morphology General Habit
Diffuse shrub or tree to 15 m tall, the branchlets finely pubescent when young, soon becoming glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves orbicular to reniform, mostly 8–15 cm long, sometimes wider than long, glabrous and minutely punctate on both sides, commonly bearded in the axils of the basal veins beneath; ocreae rigid, deciduous, 3–8 mm long, puberulous to pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy-white, the staminate in clusters of up to 7, with pedicels 1–2 mm long, the pistillate on pedicels 3–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obpyriform, 1.2–2 cm long, in drooping clusters resembling bunches of grapes, edible; mature fruiting perianth rose-purple, the concealed achene black.
Distribution
Cayman Islands. From Florida throughout the Caribbean area to northern S. America.
Ecology
A common plant of sandy coastal thickets, sometimes occurring inland.
Note
It seems quite remarkable that no other species of Coccoloba is known to occur in the Cayman Islands, as members of this genus are otherwise common throughout the West Indies, and several species are found very widely in habitats like the Cayman woodlands.
[Cayman]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 20–900 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Magdalena, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
agraz, Juan garrote, Koulit, Micongo, Quino, Uva, Uva caleta, Uva de mar, Uva de playa, Uvero de playa, Uvilla, Uvita playera, Uvito, Uvito de playa
[UPFC]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/156770168/156770170

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 900 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
agraz, buchegallina, corralero, güino, juan garrote, micongo, murta, quino, uva, uva de la playa, uva de playa, uva playa, uvero, uvero de playa, uvita de playa, uvita playera, uvito, uvito de playa, uvo de mar, uvo de playa
[UNAL]

Uses

Use
The fruits have an acidulous flavour, but are sometimes used to make jellies and preserves; they are also occasionally fermented with sugar to make an alcoholic beverage. The wood is hard, heavy, compact, and of fine texture; it takes a high polish and is sometimes used in cabinet-work. When cut, the bark yields an astringent red gum known as West Indian Kino; this was formerly used in medicine. The trees are quite ornamental in appearance and have considerable horticultural value in plantings near the sea, as they are quite tolerant of salt spray.
[Cayman]

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Sea-side Grape

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0