Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L.

First published in Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1007 (1759)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Florida to Peru, Caribbean to N. South America. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.


George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Morphology General Habit
Diffuse shrub or tree to 15 m tall, the branchlets finely pubescent when young, soon becoming glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves orbicular to reniform, mostly 8–15 cm long, sometimes wider than long, glabrous and minutely punctate on both sides, commonly bearded in the axils of the basal veins beneath; ocreae rigid, deciduous, 3–8 mm long, puberulous to pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy-white, the staminate in clusters of up to 7, with pedicels 1–2 mm long, the pistillate on pedicels 3–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obpyriform, 1.2–2 cm long, in drooping clusters resembling bunches of grapes, edible; mature fruiting perianth rose-purple, the concealed achene black.
Cayman Islands. From Florida throughout the Caribbean area to northern S. America.
A common plant of sandy coastal thickets, sometimes occurring inland.
It seems quite remarkable that no other species of Coccoloba is known to occur in the Cayman Islands, as members of this genus are otherwise common throughout the West Indies, and several species are found very widely in habitats like the Cayman woodlands.

Biogeografic region: Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 20–900 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Magdalena, Valle del Cauca.
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
agraz, Juan garrote, Koulit, Micongo, Quino, Uva, Uva caleta, Uva de mar, Uva de playa, Uvero de playa, Uvilla, Uvita playera, Uvito, Uvito de playa

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

LC - least concern

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 900 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
No Evaluada

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.

agraz, buchegallina, corralero, güino, juan garrote, micongo, murta, quino, uva, uva de la playa, uva de playa, uva playa, uvero, uvero de playa, uvita de playa, uvita playera, uvito, uvito de playa, uvo de mar, uvo de playa


The fruits have an acidulous flavour, but are sometimes used to make jellies and preserves; they are also occasionally fermented with sugar to make an alcoholic beverage. The wood is hard, heavy, compact, and of fine texture; it takes a high polish and is sometimes used in cabinet-work. When cut, the bark yields an astringent red gum known as West Indian Kino; this was formerly used in medicine. The trees are quite ornamental in appearance and have considerable horticultural value in plantings near the sea, as they are quite tolerant of salt spray.

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Common Names

Sea-side Grape


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