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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
An evergreen tree up to 15 m. tall; stem 45–75 cm. in diam., with dark-brown thick rough bark; branchlets nodose due to the leaf-scars, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 9–17-foliolate; petiole and rhachis 10·5–30 cm. long, glabrous; petiole 4–10 cm. long, furrowed above, convex below; rhachis narrowly winged; leaflets pale green, 4–10 × 1·3–2·5 cm., opposite, the terminal lanceolate to ovate, acuminate at the apex and symmetrically cuneate at the base, the lateral ones lanceolate-falcate, with a very acute apex, cuneate and abruptly contracted at the petiolule-like base, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib slightly raised above, somewhat prominent beneath, lateral nerves 6–8, arcuate, conspicuous above, nearly invisible beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles shorter than the leaves, with axis and branches glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: calyx-lobes 1 mm. long; petals whitish or yellowish, 3 × 1 mm., oblong-ovate, concave, margin revolute; stamens with filaments 2·5 mm. long and anthers c. 1 mm. long; disk glabrous.
sex Male
Male flowers: calyx-lobes 1 mm. long; petals whitish or yellowish, 3 × 1 mm., oblong-ovate, concave, margin revolute; stamens with filaments 2·5 mm. long and anthers c. 1 mm. long; disk glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe red, 2·5–3 × 1·2–1·7 cm.; stone 2·5 × 1·2 cm., oblong-ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed compressed.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

St.Helena

Harpephyllum caffrum Bernh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Zeyher [895], South Africa K000423398

First published in Flora 27: 346 (1844)

Accepted by

  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0