Genus:
Rumex L.

Rumex nepalensis Spreng.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Africa, Arabia Peninsula, Madagascar, SE. Europe to China, Jawa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall, glabrous or almost so
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblong-lanceolate, blade up to c. 30 x 6 cm, acute to obtuse at the apex, cuneate to cordate at the base; petiole short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in clusters arranged in an open panicle with long branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Inner tepals c. 5 mm long in fruit, usually with tubercles, with hooked teeth at the margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nut c. 3.5 mm long.
Distribution
N2; widespread in Africa, also Arabia, and from the Balkan peninsula in the west to southern China in the east.
Ecology
Altitude range 2000–2500 m.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology General Habit
A stout, ± straggling perennial herb up to 1.8 m tall A stout, ± straggling perennial herb up to 1.8 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, glabrous, striate Stems green to greenish-brown, hollow, glabrous, striate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lamina 25–45 × 7–9 cm, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface, the upper leaves smaller; petiole of basal leaves 13–30 cm long Leaf lamina 25–45 × 7–9 cm, oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire or crisped on the margin, glabrous or with scattered papillae on the undersurface, the upper leaves smaller; petiole of basal leaves 13–30 cm long.
Morphology Leaves Ocrea
Ocrea 0.5–3 cm long, striate, entire, ± caducous Ocrea 0.5–3 cm long, striate, entire, ± caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, pendulous, in whorls borne in terminal racemose panicles; the basal whorls in the axils of foliaceous bracts; pedicels filiform, articulated near the base Flowers hermaphrodite, pedicellate, pendulous, in whorls borne in terminal racemose panicles; the basal whorls in the axils of foliaceous bracts; pedicels filiform, articulated near the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Outer perianth segments brownish, 1–1.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments dark brown, accrescent, 3–4(4.5) × 1.5–2 mm, triangular, usually with an obtuse or lanceolate apex, with or without tubercles but with 5–6 hooked teeth 1–2 mm long on the margin Outer perianth segments brownish, 1–1.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; inner perianth segments dark brown, accrescent, 3–4(4.5) × 1.5–2 mm, triangular, usually with an obtuse or lanceolate apex, with or without tubercles but with 5–6 hooked teeth 1–2 mm long on the margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers oblong Stamens 6; filaments filiform; anthers oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary trigonous Ovary trigonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nut pale brown, shiny, 2–2.5(3) × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous. Nut pale brown, shiny, 2–2.5(3) × 1.5–2 mm, sharply trigonous.
Ecology
In wetter montane or submontane areas, in grassland and on margins of rain forest, on stream banks and similar wet places; 700–2000 m.
Distribution
Also in Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Dem. Rep. Congo, Angola, South Africa and Madagascar, north to southern Europe and east to SW China. Malawi Zambia ZIM E, ZAM E, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S Zimbabwe

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Assam, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Qinghai, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Angola

Rumex nepalensis Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 27, 2008 Naiga [301], Uganda K000449606 No
Jun 27, 2008 Sheil and Vanheist [362], Uganda K000449605 No
Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4307 r], Cameroon K000198127 No
Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [2018], Cameroon K000198126 No
Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9009], Cameroon K000198122 No
Jun 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4536], Cameroon K000746967 No
Jul 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [616], Cameroon K000746962 No
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [792], Cameroon K000746958 No
Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [2963], Cameroon K000746960 No
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [861], Cameroon K000746961 No
Jun 1, 1999 Cable, S. [2963], Cameroon K000746959 No
Jun 1, 1999 Munyenyembe, P. [760], Cameroon K000746964 No
May 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3513], Cameroon K000746966 No
May 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [676], Cameroon K000746963 No
May 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [625], Cameroon K000746965 No
Jan 1, 1992 Etuge, M. [322], Cameroon K000198121 No
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 1728], India K001114006 Yes
Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132857 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1728] K001114007 Yes
Strachey, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132858 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1728], Nepal K001114005 Yes

First published in Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 2: 159 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Jonsell, B. (ed.) (2000). Flora Nordica 1: 1-344. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations. Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lidén, M. & Bharali, P. (2020). Flowers of the Se La: 1-135. Uppsula University, Sweden.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 1-710. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Qaiser, M. (2001). Flora of Pakistan 205: 1-190. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & Schiman-Czeika, H. (1968). Flora Iranica 56: 1-88. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Not. Suppl., vol. 3, 3: 89 (1954).
  • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 1: 171 (1926).
  • F.T.A. 6, 1: 117 (1909).
  • Fl. Ethiopia 2, 1: 338 (2000). TAB. 10, fig. D.
  • Hutchinson & Dalziel, F.W.T.A. 1, 1: 120 (1927).
  • Syst. Veg. 2: 159 (1825).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akeroyd, J.R. (2013). Docks and Knotweeds of Britain and Ireland: 1-258. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1983). Flora of Bhutan 1(1): 1-186. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations. Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 3: 1-710. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & Schiman-Czeika, H. (1968). Flora Iranica 56: 1-88. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images