Mangifera indica L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 200 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Assam to China (S. Yunnan). It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
MANGO
Morphology General Habit
A tree of 10–15 m with a dense, rounded or spreading crown; leaves glabrous, oblong- lanceolate, 10–20 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, in large panicles; sepals 2.5 mm long; petals 5 mm long; fertile stamens 1 or 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits edible, varying greatly in size, shape and colour, comprising many horticultural variants.
Distribution
In Grand Cayman, trees can be found in areas remote from habitations wherever seeds have been casually tossed aside. Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac. Originally from India.
[Cayman]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/31389/67735735

Conservation
DD - data deficient
[IUCN]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
manga, manga albania, manga de Mariquita, manga mariquiteña, manga tomi, mango, mango canime, mango chancleto, mango de azúcar, mango de chupa, mango de masa, mango de rosa, mango farchil, mango filipino, mango tommy
[UNAL]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Tree 10–40 m. high, with dense dome-shaped crown; trunk stout, with greyish-brown fissured bark; branchlets rather stout.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4.5 cm. long, striate; lamina usually reddish in colour, later turning dark shiny green, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 8–40 cm. long, 2–10 cm. broad, obtuse to acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; midrib prominent on both sides but mainly beneath; lateral nerves and reticulation raised.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a widely branched terminal panicle 10–60 cm. long, branches often tinged red, pubescent or puberulous; pedicels 2–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, 2–2.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, green with whitish margin or yellowish green, hairy outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, 3–5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, cream later becoming pinkish, with 3–5 darker yellow ridges on the inner surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens l(–2) fertile with filament 4–5 mm. long; anthers pink but turning purple at anthesis; staminodes 3(–4), very short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk ± 2 mm. high, 5-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil abortive in ♂; in hermaphrodite flowers ovary depressed-globose, 1.5 mm. long; style ± 2 mm. long, lateral, opposite the fertile stamen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe variable in size and shape, from rounded to ovoid-oblong and sometimes laterally depressed, 8–30 cm. long, 7–12 cm. broad, green to yellow or red.
Distribution
DISTR. Widely grown up to ± 1500 m. in areas with moderate to high rainfall, naturalised in places, especially in the coastal regions.
[FTEA]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2850 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
[CPLC]

Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
A tree 10–30 m. high; branchlets fulvous-puberulous, glabrescent when older.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4·5 cm. long, striate; lamina concolorous, green, (9) 10–33 × (2) 2·5–8 cm., oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse to acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; midrib prominent on both sides, mainly below, lateral nerves and reticulation raised.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle up to 30 cm. long, pyramidal, with the axis tomentose or puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same panicle; pedicels 2–4 mm. long, puberulous.
sex Male and Hermaphrodite
Male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same panicle; pedicels 2–4 mm. long, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, green with whitish margin, 2–2·5 × 1–1·5 mm., sericeous-pilose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, whitish with the 3–7 nerves reddish, 3–5 × 1–1·5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1(2) fertile with filament 4–5 mm. long; staminodes 3(4), very short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk c. 2 mm. high, thick.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1·5 mm. long, depressed-globose; style c. 2 mm. long, lateral, opposite to the fertile stamen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe very variable in shape and size, 8–25 × 7–10 cm.
[FZ]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tall tree with a dense crown
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous; petiole 2–4.5 cm long; blade oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 10–30 x 3.5–6.5 cm, acute to acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, shiny, ± leathery; midrib and lateral nerves prominent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in 10–60 cm long much-branched pubescent panicles; sepals 2–2.5 mm long, pubescent; petals 3–5 mm long, reflexed, cream becoming pinkish; stamens 1(–2), staminodes 3(–4)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe 8–30 x 7–12 cm, green to yellow or red.
Distribution
Cultivated particularly in southern Somalia and locally naturalized native of southern Asia, now cultivated throughout the tropics.
Vernacular
Canbo (Somali), mango (English).
[FSOM]

Anacardiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Vernacular
The Common Mango
Note
Widely cultivated but here and there well established in secondary bush.
[FWTA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2850 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés, Vichada.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): DD.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Tree.
Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2850 m.
[UPB]

Uses

Use
Cultivated in various forms throughout the tropics for its edible fruits, and often becoming naturalised.
[Cayman]

Use
Cultivated for its edible fruit
[FSOM]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Use Gene Sources
Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).
[UPB]

Common Names

English
Mango
Spanish
Mango, manga.

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/