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This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Mozambique and W. Pacific.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cymodoceaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Marine herb; rhizome slender, to 3 mm in diam.; each node with 1– 3 little-branched or unbranched roots and an erect stem 0.5– 7 cm long with 2– 3 leaves; internodes 1.5– 3.5 cm long; scales 5 mm, perishing early.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf with sheath often tinged reddish, 1.5– 4 cm long, or at most 7 mm long in inflorescence leaf sheaths; blade 7– 30 cm long, 1– 2 mm in diam., narrowed at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a stalked cyme to 10 cm long, separate from the leaves; staminate flower with pedicel up to 7 mm long, anthers ovate, 4 mm long; pistillate flower sessile, ovary ellipsoid, 3– 4 mm long, style 2 mm long, stigmas 4– 8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obliquely ellipsoid, 3.5– 4 mm long, 1.7– 2 mm wide, 1.5 mm thick; beak 2 mm, bifid.
Figures
Fig. 2.
Habitat
On muddy sand or in coral tide pools, regularly or occasionally exposed; sea-level to a few metres deep
Distribution
Egypt to Mozambique, Madagascar to W Pacific K7 T3 T6 Z

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome slender, 1.5–3 mm in diam.; internodes 1–3.5 cm long; scales early deciduous
Morphology General Shoots
Erect shoots bearing 2–3 distichous leaves and with shorter internodes near the base from which roots may arise
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath cylindric to obconic, up to 4.5 cm long, c. 4 mm wide, ligulate; blade terete, narrowed at the base, 6–30 cm long, 1–3 mm in diam., with midvein surrounded by 7–12 pericentral veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower with elongate carpels about 1 mm in diam., tapering at the apex and forming 2 recurved styles 6–8 mm long Male flower with ovate anthers, 4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3–4 mm long, with rounded base and bifid beak.
Distribution
S2, 3, no doubt occurring also further to the north widely distributed in the tropical part of the Indian Ocean from the Red Sea south to Madagascar, Mauritius and the Seychelles, and in the Persian Gulf eastward into the western Pacific.
Ecology
Just below low tide level.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Borneo, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Gulf States, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Tonga, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen

Syringodium isoetifolium (Asch.) Dandy appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Coode, M. [4021], Mauritius 33446.000
Wight, R. [2413], Tamil Nadu K000356718 Unknown type material
Wight, R. [2413], Tamil Nadu K000356719 Unknown type material
Wight, R. [2413], Tamil Nadu K000356717 Unknown type material

First published in J. Bot. 77: 116 (1939)

Accepted by

  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2002). Cymodoceaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-10.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (1984). Flore des Mascareignes 191-201 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Den Hartog, C. (1970). The sea-grasses of the world Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Sectie 59(1): 1-275.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) in Ohwi, J. (2020). Flora of Japan (in English) IVa: 1-430. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Kuo, J. & de Hertog, C. (2001). Seagrass taxonomy and identification key Global Seagrass Research Methods: 31-78. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2002). Flora Malesiana 16: 1-224. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Smith, A.C. (1979). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Insitition Press, Washington.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Beentje, H.J. (2002). Cymodoceaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-10.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (1984). Flore des Mascareignes 191-201 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Den Hartog, C. (1970). The sea-grasses of the world Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde, Tweede Sectie 59(1): 1-275.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nooteboom, H.P. (ed.) (2002). Flora Malesiana 16: 1-224. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Smith, A.C. (1979). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by G. Sartoni [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bandeira in Guide Seashores E. Africa: 66, fig. (1997).
  • Dandy in Journal of Botany 77: 116 (1939).
  • Hartog, Sea-grasses of the World: 177, fig. 50, 51 (1970).
  • Isaac in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 27 (1): 39, t. 4/c– j (1968).
  • Moorjani & B. Simpson, Seaweeds Kenya Coast: 9, t. 6 (1988).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0